The Yorkshire & Biewer Breed Snuggles & Kisses There's a Time for Play and a Time for Love
A dog breed that's sure to love. The Yorkie may come at the end of the alphabet, but it's one of the top most popular breeds. This petite terrier is adorable, highly intelligent, affectionate, smart and overflowing with liveliness. With their spunky and impish sense on humor they will certainly fill your heart and home with love! Curious and Bold Spirited and Loyal Active and Brave Self-Confident
The Yorkshire Terrier is a man made breed and one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, yet they seem oblivious to their minute size, and are an energetic dog breed that is forever seeking adventure, love and attention. But did you know there are 3- Terrier's that have a very close relationship to each other, but yet some are very different breeds?
Biewer Yorkshire Terrier
The Silky Terrier and Australian Terrier are quite commonly mistaken for Yorkshire Terrier's. They are remarkably similar as "Puppies" and become apparently different as the puppy grows into adults. A Silky Terrier tends to be a larger dog toping out to be roughly 8 to 12+ lbs full grown. They have a longer muzzle and are slightly more aggressive in nature, hence training them takes a little more patience. Silky Terriers came from breeding an Australian Terrier with a Yorkshire Terrier thus the Silky Terrier was born. (Picture of a Silky Terrier below)
The Australian Terrier weighs in closer to roughly 15 to 20+ lbs full grown. They have a broken coat (coarse with an undercoat). The Australian Terrier will shed their undercoat about twice a year and are not considered hypoallergenic. Both the Silky Terrier and Australian Terrier have ears which stand erect on top of the head vs. a Yorkshire Terrier's ears tend to be wider apart.
When purchasing a Yorkshire Terrier it's best to look at the parents and know the differences between a Silky, Australian and Yorkshire Terrier.
Silky Terrier - SMM-Ranch Property
So, where did the Yorkshire Terrier come from?
The Yorkshire Terrier also known as it's nickname, "Yorkie" is no more than 100 years old and originated during the Victorian Era in Scotland, England. They derived from the now-extinct Paisley Terrier referred to as the "Clydesdale Terrier", a terrier type of dog similar to the Skye Terrier. The Yorkshire was originally bred for catching rats in mines and clothing mills and also was bred to hunt and borrow underground after badgers and foxes.
The Paisley Terrier had a long flowing silky coat of blue and tan, that they acquired from their ancestors, the Waterside Terrier, a small Scottish breed. This is where the Yorkshire gets its color and silky long coat from. The Yorkshire made its first appearance in Scotland, England in 1861 during a bench show. At that time they were known as the "Broken Haired Scotch Terrier". Yorkshires kept this title for (9) nine consecutive years until a show reporter commented that the "breed" should be known as the Yorkshire Terrier because the breed had improved so much since their arrival to England.
The Yorkshire Terrier that owners know and love today is slightly smaller than the original breed and is now considered more of a fashion accessory to some rather than a hunter. Yorkshires love to be pampered by it's owner, yet still enjoy activities and remains a true "terrier' at heart. They are born black and tan and gradually change into a blue and tan color between 1-2 years of age with the color shift beginning at their feet. Some Yorkshires can take as long as 3-4 years before their true coat color emerges. They have a long, silky and straight coat that is parted down their backs and flows down to their feet. They are very intelligent, alert, active, clever and quick learners. They make wonderful and devoted companions that need and require a firm but consistent owner in order to be a well rounded loving family pet.
Below are pics of the Paisley Terrier, "Huddersfield Ben" and his pedigree, a Yorkshire Terrier born in 1865 universally acknowledged to be the foundation Sire of the breed todayalong with other pics of famous Yorkshires.
Huddersfield Ben Whelped in 1865 and died in 1871. In spite of his short life span, he was responsible for producing most of the foundation stock of the Yorkshire Terriers seen today. He was an extremely popular stud dog, being prepotent and especially due to his reputation as "One of the first to breed true to the Yorkshire Terrier type". He regularly sired stock that competed in the under 7 pound limit dog shows. Huddersfield died in 1871 when he was ran over by a carriage and killed at the young age of 6 years.
Yorkshire Terrier Colors
Yorkshire Terriers are born black and tan and the majority of Yorkshire Terriers are a two-colored combination of four possible options according to the AKC standard:
Black & Gold
Black & Tan
Blue & Gold
Blue & Tan
Yorkshire Terriers as far back as 1800 have been documented to have been born with "rare" and recessive gene colors such as:
Chocolate w/tan points
Black w/or w/o white mark on chest and paws
Black w/very faint brownish points
Tan w/black points
Blue Grey w/tan points
KB Dark Chocolate
Red Legged - meaning their tan points are very vibrant and appear red.
Parti Colors: are two or three color combinations on the head and generally two color combinations on the body with a white base color - Ex: Blue/White/Gold. and can come in Liver (chocolate), Black, and Sable (tan or gold). These colors were added in 2000 to AKC, but they are not allowed to be shown in the conformation ring at this time.
Blue Yorkie:they are born black puppies but gradually as they age turn blue due to the greying gene. A blue born Yorkie puppy carries a recessive gene with two copies giving them a blue coat at birth. Sadly, this genetic combination is also lethal.
Black Yorkie: a solid black dog carries a dominant gene for blackness known as Kb gene. This happens because black is the "default" eumelanin - a dog which is not homozygous for liver (bb) or for dilution (dd) gene. It is quite "rare" but they do exist. When Yorkies do carry this gene for blackness, they will have brown eyes, black nose, rims and pads and born with a white patch of hair on the chest and paw tips-(not always). This white patch and tips on toes will disappear as they age. You can also see (in the sun) tan or brownish hue on legs and face where the tan points would normally appear on a Yorkshire Terrier.
Sable Yorkie: aka Gold, Tan, Blonde happens when puppy has a recessive gene and the blue or black is not expressed giving the puppy an all over color of this tan, gold, sable, blonde that has also been referred to as Ocean Pearl. This specific gene is (AY) and considered "rare."
Chocolate (Liver) Yorkie: happens from a genetic mutation and puppies are born completely brown (liver). This color is considered "rare."
Red Legged Yorkie: happens when both parents carry two copies of a specific recessive gene. This Yorkie will be born black and gold but instead of the black changing to blue, the black remains and where the gold is instead of turning tan or staying gold the color turns to a deep shiny red looking almost rust in color. Most stay black and gold.
White Yorkie: happens when a puppy receives two copies of a recessive gene or overlapping of recessive genes and the puppy only expresses a white coat which is considered "rare."
Parti-Colored: happens when a puppy receives two copies of a recessive gene from each parent and the puppy is born with a white base-coat with patches of color - two colors (sometimes three) on the head and two patches of color on the body; example - white/blue/gold. Parents must both carry this receive gene to be expressed and can come in any color of liver, tan, blue, black
*Term "expressed" means you actually can see the color. In order for a color to be "expressed" you have to have two copies of the gene (not all instances - like the tan/gold/sable/blonde). All other instances - puppy gets one gene from each parent.*
Merle Yorkie:is a pattern in a dog's coat, though is commonly incorrectly referred to as a color. The merle creates mottled patches in a solid or piebald coat, that have blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well. Health issues are more typical and more severe when two merles are bred together. Merle gene can affect all coat colors. In addition to altering base coat color, the merle gene also modifies eye color and coloring of the nose and paw pads. The merle modifies the dark pigment in the eyes, to blue or part of the eye to be colored blue. *Note* - The merle mutated gene can be hidden (not expressed in other words "seen").
Merle Yorkies come in just about every color nowadays: Blueberry, Silverbell, Chocoberry, Lilac, Ocean Pearl, Blueberry Diamond (those w/one or two blue eyes).
These examples of the following different Yorkies are not our dogs.
Blue Yorkie (Grey puppy) amongst black and tan puppies.
Below is a list of health disorders more commonly associated with this breed:
Distichiasis This is a painful eye disorder where too many eyelashes grow around a dog's eyelid, which typically two hairs grow out of the same follicle. If left untreated, the dog's cornea becomes ulcerated which could end up causing permanent damage to their vision. Early treatment is a must to prevent any damage being done.
Legge-Calve-Perthes Syndrome Legg-Perthes disease affects the hip joint and is caused by an inadequate amount of blood reaching it. This results in the dog's femur bone weakening and the end result is that it collapses due to the cartilage around the joint becoming malformed or cracked. Clinical signs of a problem are quite obvious and includes the following;
Pain and Discomfort
Vets typically take X-rays to establish whether a dog is suffering from the condition before recommending the right sort of treatment or therapy.
Luxating Patella This is a condition that affects a dog's kneecaps where they become dislocated or slightly out of position. Although it is a hereditary condition that Yorkshire Terriers often suffer from trauma and injury can also cause Luxating Patella. If the condition is very severe, a vet would recommend surgery to correct the problem.
Liver Shunt Technically called -Portosystemic shunt (PSS)- are not that common in dogs, but if your dog develops liver disease, you may find yourself in need of information. It is a passage "that allows the flow of materials between two structures that are not usually connected". Specifically, in an abnormal blood vessel (or vessels) that connects the portal system is called a portosystemic shunt, thereby bypassing the liver. Liver Shunts can be divided into two categories:
Congenital Shunts: are most common and dogs are quite young when they start experiencing symptoms.
Acquired Shunts: typically develop when blood pressure within the veins connecting the digestive tract to the liver becomes elevated. Most often because of diseases that cause liver scarring (cirrhosis). These dogs tend to experience symptoms when they are older..
Liver Shunt Symptoms: poor growth, poor appetite and/or eating unusual things, weight loss, increased thirst and urination, difficulty urinating or blood in the urine, vomiting, diarrhea, behavioral changes: mental dullness, staring vacantly, poor vision, unsteadiness, circling and head pressing (a behavior exhibited by animals experiencing neural damage or under the influence of certain toxins. An affected animal will often stand in a corner or near a wall with its head hung low, or physically press the head against objects).
In severe cases, blood flow totally bypasses the liver allowing it to flow through the entire body which results in the unfiltered blood poisoning vital organs, namely the heart, lungs and brains. If you suspect your pet may be suffering from the condition, you should get them to the vet so a correct diagnosis can be made followed by the right treatment as soon as possible. These symptoms are obviously not unique to liver shunts and a veterinarian will start the diagnostic process. There are no genetic tests to detect animals that may carry PSS.
Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is a health issue that affects many toy breeds including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust. Puppies up to the age of 3 months old are more usually affected by the condition which is why it's important to watch out for any symptoms during the first few months of their lives. However, older dogs too can develop hypoglycemia, although this is quite rare which is lucky because there are certain complications that can make the condition much harder to treat when dogs develop hypoglycemia later on in their lives. The very young and smaller breed tend to suffer from the condition if they are not fed at regular intervals throughout the day.
Malocclusions Just like quite a few other smaller terriers, the breed tend to retain their milk teeth which can lead to malocclusions. This is when their adult teeth cannot break through correctly which results in teeth not sitting properly in a dog's mouth.
Reverse Sneezing Reverse sneezing is a condition that affects all types of dogs, but more commonly smaller dogs such as miniatures, Terriers, and brachycephalic breeds. It is a "paroxysmal" respiratory response, meaning that it comes in spasm-like episodes. It is suspected to be caused by irritation or inflammation of the nasal, pharyngeal, or sinus passages. It may be a way for the dog to attempt to remove foreign particles such as dust, powder or other irritants from its upper airways. It is also seen after periods of over-excitement. It can be alarming to an owner, but is not known to be harmful to dogs without any underlying conditions (such as heart disease), and most dogs are completely normal before and after a reverse sneezing episode. In dogs that exhibit reverse sneezing, it is not uncommon for them to have repeat episodes of reverse sneezing throughout their lives.
Conclusion Not all Yorkshire Terriers including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust may develop any of the health issues listed above during the course of their lives. The other thing to bear in mind, is that no matter how well bred a dog might be, bad genes are able to skip several generations so it's always worth knowing about them.
AKC Yorkshire Standard
General Appearance: a toy breed with long-coated hair hanging straight and evenly down each side, parted from head to end of tail.
Head: small and flat, not too prominent or round, rich golden tan and should not extend down on back of neck.
Muzzle: black nose, not too long, with scissor bite.
Eyes: medium in size, dark in color, sparkling with intelligent expression.
Ears: small, V-shaped, carried erect and set not too far apart.
Neck: chest bright rich tan, may have small white patch.
Body: well proportioned, very compact, back is level with shoulder and rump.
Tail: docked to a medium length and carried slightly higher than level of back.
Legs: straight, round paws with black toe nails, dew claws may be removed.
Coat: glossy, fine and silky in texture, long and straight.
Color: born black and tan until matured then blue-a dark steel blue, not silver, all tan hair is darker at the roots and should have no black hair intermingled with the tan.
Height: 8-9 inches and the shoulder
Weight: 1.8 kgs (4 lbs) up to 32 kgs (7 lbs)
Faults: any solid color or colors other than blue and tan, any white markings other than small patch on chest.
The American Kennel Club, AKC and other registries do recognize non-standard colors such as: Chocolate, Parti, Biewer, Golddust, Ocean Pearl, Golden etc. they are allowed to participate in all sanctions except for conformation showings. These Colors are mentioned below.
Famous Yorkshire Terrier's
1943 "Smokey" (pictured below) a famous female war dog who served as a service dog in World War II.. Thanks to her small size and obedience, she was able to run through pipes and string communication wires under a former Japanese airstrip.
"Mills Ch. Miss Wynsum", an English import, she was the first of four Yorkshire Terriers who won the Toy Group at Westminster, in which she died in 1938.
Mills Ch. Miss Wynsum
1931 "Little Pickwick" First any variety Terrier at Navan Dog Show Co. Meath
Biewer Yorkshire Terrier
We prefer to stay true to the Original Biewer Yorkshire Terrier aka "Ala Pom Pons" of Germany when raising the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier here at SMM-Ranch.
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier pronounced as "beaver" is a man made breed that originated in Hunsruck, Germany from a litter of black and tan Yorkshire Terriers in 1984 from the late, Werner & Gertrude Biewer - long standing breeders of Champion Yorkshire Terriers, came a single "piebald" marked puppy that started a new breed for this generation. Though some argue this, the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier are the same breed, while many consider them two separate breeds today.
The following paragraphs briefly go over the history of the notorious Biewer Yorkshire Terrier!
It was in the 1970's when Mr. Biewer purchased two dogs from Streamglen Kennel in Germany, specifically - Streamglen Richard born on October 06, 1972 and Streamglen Flora.. Mr. & Mrs. Biewer had been raising and showing Yorkshire Terriers for 20 years and wanted to make their mark by producing Champion Yorkshire Terriers.
Streamglen Richard - a consistent championship show winner. Most of the Biewer's dogs, were bred from Streamglen Richard, which is the foundation of what is known as the "Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon."
On January 20, 1984, Mr. & Mrs. Biewer’s Blue & Tan FCI world Champion Yorkshire Terrier's, “Darling von Friedheck” and “Fru-Fru von Friedheck” whelped a litter of puppies. In this litter of puppies was a female puppy with an unusual color pattern, as she had a black pattern on a white background) with a tri-color-(three colored) head that was black-white-gold and was named “Schneeflocken von Friedheck,” they found quite unique.
Over the next several years - through selective breeding, the Biewer's continued to produce the same signature looking puppy as Schneeflocken von Friedheck with good symmetry. These offspring had white on their belly, chest, legs and tip of the tail with patches of black on the body, with a tri-colored head that had straight, silky and long hair (pictured below).
In the beginning of their breeding practices, the Biewer’s would dock the tails of these dogs just as they had done for many years with their Yorkshire Terrier’s and it was not until May of 1998 when Germany passed a law prohibiting the docking of tails, that the Biewer’s begun leaving the tails to be natural. Mr. Biewer also then discovered that as some of their uniquely colored Yorkshire dogs' matured, the black color of the coat would turn to a dark blue color, thus giving their Yorkshire's - two distinctive colors: black/white/gold & blue/white/gold.
Mr. Biewer wanted to show his new found tri-colored Yorkshire dogs and first introduced these dogs to the show ring in March of 1988 at Wiesbaden, Germany. He presented two dogs and called them black and white Yorkshire Terriers, to "Verband fur das Deutsche Hundewesen" (VDH), only to be denied acceptance and told they "were wrong color" and "not for breeding." Mr. Biewer was not happy with that decision and went in search for a Club that would accept his tri-colored dogs.
While at a dinner party with a close friend of the Biewers, a singer by the name, Margot Eskens along with her husband. Mr. Esken presented Margot with one of the Biewers' tri-colored puppies on a silver platter as a birthday gift. In Mrs. Esken’s delight she shouted out, “a la Pom Pon” (French) describing the puppy as looking like a “ball of colorful yarn,” which described the puppy perfectly. Mr. and Mrs. Biewer liked Margot’s description so much that they decided to name their newly found tri-colored Yorkshire dogs, “Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon’s”.
It was sometime in 1989, while Mr. Biewer was on his search for a club to accept his new found Yorkshire's that Mr. Biewer found "Allgemeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland e.V" (ACH), to accept his tri-colored dogs as a "variation of the Yorkshire Terrier" but with a different standard than the Yorkshire Terrier. Please Note* - they are genetically still Yorkshire Terriers.So, for purposes of showing his tri-colored Yorkshire's - Mr. and Mrs. Biewer drew up a very limited ACH Standard and Officially registered them as “Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon” to be a color of white-blue-gold.
*It was recorded that the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon was acknowledged as a new variation of Yorkshire Terrier's in Germany in 1989* Why have I highlighted this information you might ask?I have highlighted this important date because: The Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon is also referred to as the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier - ("Biewer" - being named after Werner & Gertrude Biewer) and is STILL A YORKSHIRE TERRIER OF A DIFFERENT COLOR VARIATION!
Other breeders were intrigued with the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon and they began breeding them as well, though Mr. and Mrs. Biewer kept a tight reign on their Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon breeding programs in Germany. The Biewer's quality-bred dogs were very hard to come by and quite costly to acquire. But, then in 1997 Mr. Werner Biewer passed away and sadly after Werner’s death, Gertrude kept just a select few of their Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon’s as pets, and their Friedheck Kennel - ceased to exist.
After Werner's untimely death, many breeders started their own attempts to create the perfect Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon and though - no-one will ever know what breeds were bred to create their version of a Biewer 'outside' of Mr. & Mrs. Biewers' Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon's. What has been circulated is - that by the year 2000 the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon had lost its popularity in Germany, as the number of breeders had dwindled significantly.
Then on May 23, 2003 a dog fancier that personally knew Mr. Werner and Mrs. Gertrude Biewer, a Ms. Dagmar Pryzstaw (pictured below) founded the the very first Biewer Club, the Deutsche Biewer Club, officially called, "Internationaler Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Club" (IBYTC) and then in September 2004, Ms Prystaw founded a Biewer Registry, officially called, the "Internationaler Biewer Club" (IBC), both established in Germany.
On November 02, 2007, Gertrude Biewer changed the Standard and name of the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon by the recommendation of the German Club, Allegmeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland e.V (ACH), to be called the "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier" with a color to be white/blue/gold and white/black/gold.
Then on October 10, 2012 after a lengthy illness Gertrude Biewer passed away and all that is left of Werner and Gertrude Biewer is a beautiful legacy, the "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."
It has been said by some of the American Biewer Clubs that Mr. & Mrs. Biewer never bred their Biewer Yorkshire Terrier back to the traditional Yorkshire Terrier, but this is a myth, and is a proven fact that - Mr. Biewer bred Darling von Friedheck a Champion Traditional Yorkshire Terrier to several of his tri-colored females. *Note* Mr. Biewer named all his tri-colored puppies with the prefix: "Schnee" meaning Snow (which means white in German) except for Grand Pom-Pon, (from my research). I also found that his traditional Yorkies were all registered with VDH and KFT and ALL his tri-colored puppies (Biewer Yorkshire Terriers') were registered with ACH. Mr. Biewer bred Darling to Grand Pom-Pon to produce "Schneerose" and he bred Darling to Schneeflokchen to produce "Scheewitten" and as late as 1992 he bred Schneewirbel von Friedheck to Janny von Friedheck to produce "Schnee-Monsieur von Friedheck" just to name a few. Here is a list of Mr. Biewer's dogs
**The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier has only been in existence (acknowledged) since 1984**
The "Biewer" breed has been quite the most debated breed so far in history! If you google Biewer you will find different names and acronyms for this breed: Biewer, Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, Biewer Breed, Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon and now the Biewer Terrier.
There is only ONE Biewer - the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier that originated out of Germany and is and "Always" will come from Yorkshire Terriers and is a Yorkshire Terrier of a different color variation - NOT A NEW BREED OF DOG! *Please take Note* - you can not genetically take TWO "Yorkshire Terriers" and create a NEW Breed - that is GENETICALLY IMPOSSIBLE!
The original Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is recognized here in the US with the BYA, ACA, AMTC, APRI, GYBR and other registries as a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier and in Germany the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is still recognized with the IHR e.V., IBC, ACH e.V., NHC, UKU, ERV, UKA and ACH.
I personally knew the late Ms Dagmar Prystaw, friend to Gertrude Biewer and former President and founder of the Internationaler Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Club e.V. a.k.a IBC in Germany. Dagmar Prystaw and I were personal friends on Facebook and I am a long standing registered breeder member of her dog club, IBC. I have personal knowledge of the original Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon Standard written and approved by Gertrude Biewer (posted below on this page), as provided personally to me by Dagmar Prystaw. I also personally own an unedited copy of a video, where Gertrude Biewer admittedly called her beloved dogs "Biewer Yorkshire Terriers" with Biewer pronounced as "Beaver." Mrs. Gertrude Biewer NEVER consented, nor changed the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon Standard in Germany written on record of 02 November 2007 and that is the last standard she ever wrote and signed!
The Original Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Standard:
Fiedheck Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon "Original" Standard
Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon Standard
RVD Germany UCI Standard May 2002:
(UCI) is an internationally active umbrella organization for national kennel clubs founded 1976 in Germany. UCI e.V. is an international organization. Germany is represented by the Dog Breeders Association (RVD). *Important Note: the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier was registered with ACH e.V. not with UCI.*
Changed German Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Standard on November 02, 2007:
The last German Standard that Gertrude Werner created and signed for the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier. 02.11.2007 (02 November 2007). *Standard SMM-Ranch goes by*
Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Standard (Translated from German to English)
General Appearance: the smallest terrier that owns a long rich coat thats parted on the back. Head: small and flat, by no means round or strongly formed, short catch, deep black nose, eyes medium and dark with intelligent expression, small ears, V-shaped, standing with short, full hair, hair on head and chin. Neck: short, not strong. Hull: very compact with straight backline, well-formed loin. Limbs: completely straight, very luxuriant, covered with hair, paws round. Tail: undocked, abundantly hairy, worn slightly higher than the backline. Hair: medium length on the body, smooth, silky and shiny. Color:
Outer Coat: blue/white, broken or closed, blue/black with white frill, no gold (tan) in top coat.
Legs: legs, and belly and chest hair white.
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier must have 3 colors: blue or black/white/gold. The dog must have a white neck (brace). The white breast color is of coarse as well as the 4 white legs. The white color of the chest goes down to the neck, also white to the chin. In preface, the white color is not necessary. The face color should be set of dark with tan.
Size: up to 22 cm. Weight: about 3.1 Kg.
Character and Suitability: a delightful, lively, cheerful, affectionate, intelligent and self-confident dog bred as a domestic dog, not only a pet, but lap dog. His hair requires careful care.
*The aforementioned Standard was translated from German to English (which the German Standard is posted below) and obtained from the German Registry to be the Only Standard for the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier and was signed by Gertrude Werner on 11/02/2007 and declared to be valid. *There has never been another changed version since.*
Left to Right: Mr. Werner Biewer w/ (Schneeprinz von Friedheck), Ms. Schroder w/ (Schneerubin von Friedheck), Ms. Claudia Taubel w/ (Schneeglocke von Friedheck), Ms. Dagmar Przystaw w/ (Blue Midnight Lady From Agridesheim) called Sissi -(offspring from Friedheck), Mrs. (Bahm) Roloff w/unkown, and last is Mrs. Christine (Stobener) Alber w/ (Schneediavolo von Friedheck). Owned by SMM-Ranch.
Biewer Yorkshire Pics
These examples of Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's (except Max) are not our dogs.
On December 10, 1976 (8 years before Mr. Biewer's tri-colored puppy) were two women named, Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet that had a "parti-colored" male puppy, named "Trippy" born in their Champion Kennel from their "Wildweir Line" Yorkshire Terriers. They decided to keep him and registered him with the American Kennel Club (AKC) as a Black and Tan Yorkshire Terrier because AKC had no parti-color classification at that time. Trippy lived to be 12 years old. Joan claims that at the time Trippy was being born, she had heard of "tricolored" puppies being born in England and that the tricolored pups were imported to Germany from English stock. This means that parti-colors and tricolored (piebald) Yorkies were showing up in litters in the 1970's and earlier, and that Germany's Yorkshires came from English stock, where the Yorkshire Terrier originated from.
Sometime in the 1980's on the opposite side of the United States were the Lipman's- Gloria, with Nikko's Kennel. They were doing the exact same thing as Mr. and Mrs. Biewer. Nikko's Kennel purchased a couple of female Yorkshire Terrier's from Streamglen Kennels, one being "Streamglen Milady" and they also purchased their Champion Sire, "Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot" from Stoneybrook Kennel in 1971. They bred Ch Quarnhill Fusspot to Streamglen Milady and began producing champion Yorkshire Terriers. They continued to line and in-breed and in the 1980's the "parti-color" puppies started showing up in Nikko's Kennel as well. Gloria couldn't bear to put the pups down, so she passed them out the back door as pets and told customers not to say where they got them from.
This is when the Parti Yorkshire Terrier was acknowledged: Here in the US, Summit and Crownbridge were all getting parti-colored and/or tricolored dogs registered with AKC, as they were born from two AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on registration papers as: black, white and tan. So, it was sometime in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testings, that AKC accepted the parti-colored dogs and the name "Parti Yorkshire Terrier" has stuck with AKC's Yorkshire Terriers ever since!
ALL the above colored dogs are: Yorkshire Terrier's of a different color variation - some of American decent and others of European decent.
The Biewer Terrier
As to the Biewer Terrier - there is a Club here in the United States, the Biewer Terrier Club of America (BTCA) which is associated with the American Kennel Club (AKC) that suggest "their" Biewer Terrier does not have Yorkshire Terrier in its' bloodline, however, they are a mix of breeds such as the: Chihuahua, Havanese, Poodle and/or other small breeds.
What is detrimentally disturbing is the BTCA claims the Biewer Terrier came from Mr. & Mrs. Gertrude Biewer Yorkshire Terrier bloodline and boasts this on their website. To make matters worse the AKC has accepted and also boasts such a breed with the description of such history of originating out of Germany coming from Mr. & Mrs. Gertrude's bloodlines.
Why have we made this information public on our website? Because the BTCA associated with the AKC has taken the credit of the late couple, Mr. & Mrs. Gertrude Biewer and has publicly promoted a Biewer they call the Biewer Terrier as a newly discovered breed by the BTCA claiming the breed has NO bloodlines to the Yorkshire Terrier and has smeared the heritage, the history, and the name of the late couple to gain notoriety of a breed they call their own! This is blatant disgrace to Werner & Gertrude Biewer - the founders of the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
We "only" use AKC to register our Miniature Schnauzers & Yorkshire Terriers as we find the Biewer Terrier is NOT a purebred dog AKC recognizes. We DO NOT promote the BTCA or the AKC for the Biewer Terrier.