The Yorkshire Terrier Snuggles & Kisses There's a Time for Play and a Time for Love
A dog breed that's sure to love. The Yorkie may come at the end of the alphabet, but it's one of the top most popular breeds. This petite terrier is adorable, highly intelligent, affectionate, smart and overflowing with liveliness. With their spunky and impish sense on humor they will certainly fill your heart and home with love! Curious and Bold Spirited and Loyal Active and Brave Self-Confident
The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, yet they seem oblivious to their minute size, and are an energetic dog breed that is forever seeking adventure, love and attention.
So, where did the Yorkshire Terrier come from?
The Yorkshire Terrier also known as it's nickname, "Yorkie" is no more than 100 years old and originated during the Victorian Era in Scotland, England. They derived from the now-extinct Paisley Terrier referred to as the "Clydesdale Terrier", a terrier type of dog similar to the Skye Terrier. The Yorkshire was originally bred for catching rats in mines and clothing mills and also was bred to hunt and borrow underground after badgers and foxes.
The Paisley Terrier had a long flowing silky coat of blue and tan, that they acquired from their ancestors, the Waterside Terrier, a small Scottish breed. This is where the Yorkshire gets its color and silky long coat from. The Yorkshire made its first appearance in Scotland, England in 1861 during a bench show. At that time they were known as the "Broken Haired Scotch Terrier". Yorkshires kept this title for (9) nine consecutive years until a show reporter commented that the "breed" should be known as the Yorkshire Terrier because the breed had improved so much since their arrival to England.
The Yorkshire Terrier that owners know and love today is slightly smaller than the original breed and is now considered more of a fashion accessory to some rather than a hunter. Yorkshires love to be pampered by it's owner, yet still enjoy activities and remains a true "terrier' at heart. They are born black and tan and gradually change into a blue and tan color between 1-2 years of age with the color shift beginning at their feet. Some Yorkshires can take as long as 3-4 years before their true coat color emerges. They have a long, silky and straight coat that is parted down their backs and flows down to their feet. They are very intelligent, alert, active, clever and quick learners. They make wonderful and devoted companions that need and require a firm but consistent owner in order to be a well rounded loving family pet.
Below are pics of the Paisley Terrier, "Huddersfield Ben" and his pedigree, a Yorkshire Terrier born in 1865 universally acknowledged to be the foundation Sire of the breed todayalong with other pics of famous Yorkshires.
Huddersfield Ben Whelped in 1865 and died in 1871. In spite of his short life span, he was responsible for producing most of the foundation stock of the Yorkshire Terriers seen today. He was an extremely popular stud dog, being prepotent and especially due to his reputation as "One of the first to breed true to the Yorkshire Terrier type". He regularly sired stock that competed in the under 7 pound limit dog shows. Huddersfield died in 1871 when he was ran over by a carriage and killed at the young age of 6 years.
Colors of the Yorkshire Terrier
Yorkshire Terriers are born black and tan and the majority of Yorkshire Terriers are a two-colored combination of four possible options according to the AKC standard:
Black & Gold
Black & Tan
Blue & Gold
Blue & Tan
Color changes occur as the Yorkie matures. A Yorkie that has white is a partial or full biewer which is a recessive gene of the Yorkie, the only difference is color and placement. If a Yorkie is fully tan or chocolate this is also because of a recessive gene and just not allowed in the AKC show ring.
As far back as 1976 it was documented in a book published by, Janet E. Bennet and Joan B. Gordon that Yorkshire Terrier's can be born: all black, all tan, tan with black points, tri-colored; black-white-tan, all blue, bluish grey with tan points, all white and so remain or change to another shade of their newly born colors.
Today, there are coat colors that are non-standard and they are: Liver (chocolate), Solid Tan (Gold), so dark they appear Black, Blue and Silver, Red Legged, Blue and have the white spotted gene.
Blue Yorkie:they are born black puppies but gradually as they age turn blue due to the greying gene. A blue born Yorkie puppy carries a recessive gene with two copies giving them a blue coat at birth. Sadly, this genetic combination is also lethal.
Black Yorkie: a solid black dog carries a dominant gene for blackness. It is quite impossible to find a purebred black Yorkie. When Yorkies do carry this gene for blackness, they are black with dull hair that lacks shine and the length for the Yorkshire hair does not grow and has a rough texture with the tan being so light it barely is recognizable.
Chocolate (Liver) Yorkie: which can be, chocolate & tan, liver & tan and parti. Chocolate Yorkies are from a genetic mutation and are born completely brown (liver).
Red Legged Yorkie: happens when both parents carry two copies of a specific recessive gene. This Yorkie will be born black and gold but instead of the black changing to blue, the black remains and where the gold is instead of turning tan or staying gold the color turns to a deep shiny red looking almost rust in color. Most stay black and gold.
Merle Yorkie:the merle gene creates mottled patches of color in a solid or piebald coat, blue or odd-colored eyes, and can affect skin pigment as well. Health issues are more typical and more severe when two merles are bred together. *We do not breed Merles or Blue eyed Yorkies*
There are other color variations of the Yorkshire Terrier, the Parti: Biewer-Blue parti, BIRO-Chocolate parti, Golddust-Blonde parti and Ocean Pearl-sable color that are discussed with-in this page.
These examples of different Yorkies are not our dogs.
Blue Yorkie (Grey puppy) amongst black and tan puppies.
The Black Yorkie-- there is not a picture to show because if you see one they are a cross-bred dog.
Below is a list of health disorders more commonly associated with this breed:
Distichiasis This is a painful eye disorder where too many eyelashes grow around a dog's eyelid, which typically two hairs grow out of the same follicle. If left untreated, the dog's cornea becomes ulcerated which could end up causing permanent damage to their vision. Early treatment is a must to prevent any damage being done.
Legge-Calve-Perthes Syndrome Legg-Perthes disease affects the hip joint and is caused by an inadequate amount of blood reaching it. This results in the dog's femur bone weakening and the end result is that it collapses due to the cartilage around the joint becoming malformed or cracked. Clinical signs of a problem are quite obvious and includes the following;
Pain and Discomfort
Vets typically take X-rays to establish whether a dog is suffering from the condition before recommending the right sort of treatment or therapy.
Luxating Patella This is a condition that affects a dog's kneecaps where they become dislocated or slightly out of position. Although it is a hereditary condition that Yorkshire Terriers often suffer from trauma and injury can also cause Luxating Patella. If the condition is very severe, a vet would recommend surgery to correct the problem.
Liver Shunt Technically called -Portosystemic shunt (PSS)- are not that common in dogs, but if your dog develops liver disease, you may find yourself in need of information. It is a passage "that allows the flow of materials between two structures that are not usually connected". Specifically, in an abnormal blood vessel (or vessels) that connects the portal system is called a portosystemic shunt, thereby bypassing the liver. Liver Shunts can be divided into two categories:
Congenital Shunts: are most common and dogs are quite young when they start experiencing symptoms.
Acquired Shunts: typically develop when blood pressure within the veins connecting the digestive tract to the liver becomes elevated. Most often because of diseases that cause liver scarring (cirrhosis). These dogs tend to experience symptoms when they are older..
Liver Shunt Symptoms: poor growth, poor appetite and/or eating unusual things, weight loss, increased thirst and urination, difficulty urinating or blood in the urine, vomiting, diarrhea, behavioral changes: mental dullness, staring vacantly, poor vision, unsteadiness, circling and head pressing (a behavior exhibited by animals experiencing neural damage or under the influence of certain toxins. An affected animal will often stand in a corner or near a wall with its head hung low, or physically press the head against objects).
In severe cases, blood flow totally bypasses the liver allowing it to flow through the entire body which results in the unfiltered blood poisoning vital organs, namely the heart, lungs and brains. If you suspect your pet may be suffering from the condition, you should get them to the vet so a correct diagnosis can be made followed by the right treatment as soon as possible. These symptoms are obviously not unique to liver shunts and a veterinarian will start the diagnostic process. There are no genetic tests to detect animals that may carry PSS.
Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is a health issue that affects many toy breeds including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust. Puppies up to the age of 3 months old are more usually affected by the condition which is why it's important to watch out for any symptoms during the first few months of their lives. However, older dogs too can develop hypoglycemia, although this is quite rare which is lucky because there are certain complications that can make the condition much harder to treat when dogs develop hypoglycemia later on in their lives. The very young and smaller breed tend to suffer from the condition if they are not fed at regular intervals throughout the day.
Malocclusions Just like quite a few other smaller terriers, the breed tend to retain their milk teeth which can lead to malocclusions. This is when their adult teeth cannot break through correctly which results in teeth not sitting properly in a dog's mouth.
Reverse Sneezing Reverse sneezing is a condition that affects all types of dogs, but more commonly smaller dogs such as miniatures, Terriers, and brachycephalic breeds. It is a "paroxysmal" respiratory response, meaning that it comes in spasm-like episodes. It is suspected to be caused by irritation or inflammation of the nasal, pharyngeal, or sinus passages. It may be a way for the dog to attempt to remove foreign particles such as dust, powder or other irritants from its upper airways. It is also seen after periods of over-excitement. It can be alarming to an owner, but is not known to be harmful to dogs without any underlying conditions (such as heart disease), and most dogs are completely normal before and after a reverse sneezing episode. In dogs that exhibit reverse sneezing, it is not uncommon for them to have repeat episodes of reverse sneezing throughout their lives.
Conclusion Not all Yorkshire Terriers including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust may develop any of the health issues listed above during the course of their lives. The other thing to bear in mind, is that no matter how well bred a dog might be, bad genes are able to skip several generations so it's always worth knowing about them.
Yorkshire Terrier Standard
General Appearance: a toy breed with long-coated hair hanging straight and evenly down each side, parted from head to end of tail.
Head: small and flat, not too prominent or round, rich golden tan and should not extend down on back of neck.
Muzzle: black nose, not too long, with scissor bite.
Eyes: medium in size, dark in color, sparkling with intelligent expression.
Ears: small, V-shaped, carried erect and set not too far apart.
Neck: chest bright rich tan, may have small white patch.
Body: well proportioned, very compact, back is level with shoulder and rump.
Tail: docked to a medium length and carried slightly higher than level of back.
Legs: straight, round paws with black toe nails, dew claws may be removed.
Coat: glossy, fine and silky in texture, long and straight.
Color: born black and tan until matured then blue-a dark steel blue, not silver, all tan hair is darker at the roots and should have no black hair intermingled with the tan.
Height: 8-9 inches and the shoulder
Weight: 1.8 kgs (4 lbs) up to 32 kgs (7 lbs)
Faults: any solid color or colors other than blue and tan, any white markings other than small patch on chest.
The American Kennel Club, AKC and other registries do recognize non-standard colors such as: Chocolate, Parti, Biewer, Golddust, Ocean Pearl, Golden etc. they are allowed to participate in all sanctions except for conformation showings. These Colors are mentioned below.
Pics of Famous Yorkies
1943 "Smokey" (pictured below) a famous female war dog who served as a service dog in World War II.. Thanks to her small size and obedience, she was able to run through pipes and string communication wires under a former Japanese airstrip.
The Parti Color has always been a part of the Yorkshire Terrier breed - but for a long time in history, these pups were not considered quality Yorkies by breeders and they would secretly give them away or even in some instances kill the dogs so there would be no trace of the breed in their lines. It is mentioned that the Maltese was a contributor to the Parti Yorkie back in the 1800's and that is where the white coloring gene comes from.
As of today there are 4 other color's of the Yorkshire Terrier:
Biewer-White, Blue and Gold or White, Black and Gold, (Germany Standard-1989)
BIRO-Chocolate, White and Gold or Chocolate, White and Tan, (Germany Standard-2004)
Golddust-Cream, White and Gold or Cream, White and Tan (Germany Standard-2007)
Ocean Pearl-Sable, Blue and Gold or Reddish brown w/black tips, (Europe Standard-2007)
Ocean Pearl Parti- White, Sable and Gold (not sure when originated but we had our first litter with two Ocean Pearl Parti's July 2019).
*These are all Yorkshire Terrier's but prior to 1989 there were only traditional colored Yorkshire Terrier's with breeders not mentioning they had "parti-colored and tricolored" puppy's being born in their litters.*
I have done some extensive research and found that the Parti-color have been in the Yorkshire Terriers' as "recessive genes" that can be traced back to the 1800's.
Parti-color is having irregular patches or two-colors, typically black and white.
Biewer-Piebald is having three-colors on the head and having irregular patches of two-colors on the body, typically black and white.
Now, as to the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier:
Here in the US, they are called: Parti Yorkshire Terrier's
In Germany, they are called: Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's (a la Pom Pon) named after the couple that had their dogs acknowledged as a new breed in 1989, Mr & Mrs. Gertrude "Biewer".
The Biewer is acknowledged in different countries by different names and the only distinguishing factor is:
"What is your dog's bloodline?"
Do you have a Parti from United States, which is most known to come from Nikko's line?
Or Do you have a Biewer from Germany, which is known to come from Mr. & Mrs. Biewer's line?
In the US. the Parti - is per AKC -considered a Parti-color: two or more definite, well-broken colors, one of which must be white. *If you hear the term Parti Yorkie, they are talking about the color of the Yorkie.*
AKC registers themonly as Parti- Yorkshire Terrier's. They can be a chocolate parti-Biro, blue or black parti- Biewer, a sable parti-Ocean Pearl or a creme parti-Golddust. Here at SMM we produce ALL rare colored parti- Yorkies as well as occasional traditional Yorkies.
The Biewer -is per ACH e.V., IHR e.V., and IBC -Germany- considered a tricolor or piebald and has three definite colors on the head, and two well-broken colors of the body, one of which must be white. *If you hear the term Biewer Yorkie or Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, they are talking about the color of the Yorkie*
ACH e.V., IHR e.V., and IBC does register them only as Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's.
*Please Note* There are some club's here in the US that recognize the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier as a Yorkshire Terrier with a color variation and others like AKC that recognize them as Biewer Terrier- a totally separate breed.
Where did the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier come from? In the 1970's Mr. Biewer purchased a lot of dogs from the Streamglen Kennel in Germany and Streamglen Richard born 10/06/1972 and Streamglen Flora were two of them. Streamglen Richard was a consistent championship show winner and most of Mr. Biewer's dogs were bred from Streamglen Richard, which is the foundation of what is known as the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon.
In order to get the tricolor (three colors), a recessive piebald gene was present in both dogs, combined making this a dominant gene. Mr. Biewer's first tricolored Biewer Yorkshire Terrier was born from two traditional (blue and tan) champion Yorkshire Terrier's.
*Important Note*: If only one of the parents is a recessive piebald gene carrier, there will be no tricolored Yorkies in the litter*
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier originated in Germany: It was in Hunsruck, Germany in 1975, a man named, Werner Biewer purchased a Champion Yorkshire Terrier from Streamglen Kennels, “Streamglen Richard”. Werner and his wife Gertrude had been raising and showing Yorkshire terriers for 20 years and Mr. Biewer wanted to make his mark by producing Champion status Yorkshire Terrier’s.
On January 20, 1984 Mr. Biewer’s blue and tan FCI world Champion Yorkshire Terrier's, “Darling von Friedheck” and “Fru-Fru von Friedheck” whelped a litter of puppies. In this litter of puppies was a female puppy with an unusual color pattern, she had a black pattern on a white background with a tri-colored head that was black-white-gold and they named her “Schneeflocken von Friedheck.”
Through selective breeding over the next several years, the couple continued to produce the signature headpiece with all three colors, black-white-gold with good symmetry. Their belly, chest, legs and tip of the tail were characteristically white and their hair was straight, silky and long. In the beginning of their breeding practices, the Biewer’s would dock the tails of these dogs just as they had done for years with their Yorkshire’s and it wasn’t until May of 1998 when Germany passed a law prohibiting the docking of tails, when the Biewer’s left the tails natural. Mr. Werner discovered as some of their tri-colored dogs matured the black color in the coat would turn to a dark blue. Two Biewer Yorkshire Terrier parents will always produce Biewer puppies.
Mr. Biewer wanted to show his new found tricolored dogs and first introduced his tricolored dogs to the show ring in March of 1988 at Wiesbaden, Germany. He presented two dogs and called them black and white Yorkshire Terriers to, Verband fur das Deutsche Hundewesen (VDH), only to be denied acceptance and told they "were wrong color" and "not for breeding." Mr. Biewer was not happy with that decision and went in search for a Club that would accept his tricolored dogs.
It was while at a dinner party with a close friend of theirs, a singer by the name, Margot Eskens and her husband. Mr. Esken presented Margot with one of Werner Biewer's tricolored puppies on a silver platter and in Mrs. Esken’s delight she shouted out, “a la Pom Pon” (French) describing the puppy as looking like a “ball of colorful yarn,” (translated to English) which described the puppy perfectly. Mr. and Mrs. Biewer liked Margot’s description so much that they decided to name their tricolored dogs, “Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon’s”.
Sometime in (1989) Mr. Biewer found a club, the first club, Allgemeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland e.V (ACH), to accept his tricolored dogs as a variation of the Yorkshire terrier but with a different standard then the Yorkshire. By doing this, what Werner Biewer did was get his tricolored dogs to be acknowledged as "a new distinct breed". So, Mr. and Mrs. Biewer drew up a very limited standard for these little dogs and officially registered them as “Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon” to be a color of white-blue-gold.
*It was recorded that the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier was acknowledged as a new distinctive separate breed in Germany in 1989* Why have I highlighted this information you might ask?I have highlighted this important date because: If and when a breed is already acknowledged then that breed should be acknowledged World Wide! Meaning: the "Biewer" was already acknowledged as a separate breed from the Yorkshire Terrier by Mr. and Mrs. Werner Biewer by introducing their dog as a variation of the Yorkshire Terrier with a "NEW Breed Standard" in 1989 in Germany. So, because of that very historical fact, then there is only one "Biewer" and that name goes to the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier!
Other breeders were intrigued with the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon and began breeding them as well. Mr. and Mrs. Biewer kept a tight reign on the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon breeding programs in Germany and their quality-bred dogs were hard to come by and quite costly to acquire. But, then in 1997 Mr. Biewer passed away and sadly after Werner’s death, Gertrude kept just a few of their Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon’s as pets and their Friedheck Kennel ceased to exist.
After Werner's untimely death, many breeders started their own attempts to create the perfect Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon and we will never know whatbreeds were bred to create the Biewer outside of: Mr. & Mrs. Biewer's Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon's and by the year 2000 the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon had lost its popularity in Germany, with the number of breeders had dwindled significantly.
Then on May 23, 2003 a dog fancier that knew Mr. and Mrs. Biewer by the name of Dagmar Pryzstaw opened the 1st Deutsche Biewer Club (IBYTC) and in September 2004 opened another Biewer Club, the International Biewer Club (IBC) in Germany.
On November 02, 2007, Gertrude Biewer changed the Standard of the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon by the recommendation of the German Club ACH to be called the "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."
Then on October 10, 2012 after a lengthy illness Gertrude Biewer passed away and all that is left of Werner and Gertrude Biewer is a beautiful legacy, the "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."
It has been said by some of the American Biewer Clubs that Mr. Biewer never bred back to the traditional Yorkie, which is a myth.
In Fact: Mr. Biewer bred Darling to several of his tricolored females. *Note* Mr. Biewer named all his tricolored puppies with the prefix: "Schnee" meaning Snow (which means white in German) except for Grand Pom-Pon, (from my research). I also found that his traditional Yorkies were registered with VDH and KFT and all his tricolored puppies (Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's) were registered with ACH. He bred Darling to Grand Pom-Pon to get Schneerose and he bred Darling to Schneeflokchen to get Scheewitten and as late as 1992 he bred Schneewirbel von Friedheck to Janny von Friedheck to produce Schnee-Monsieur von Friedheck, just to name a few. (a list of Mr. Biewer's dogs)
There are breeders of the "Biewer" that state they only breed Biewer to Biewer but, where the breed originated in Germany those breeders feel that they don't have enough lines of the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier breed, to only breed Biewer to Biewer, and they breed back to the Yorkshire Terrier to further and continue to strengthen the breed. So, if the Germans, where this Biewer Yorkshire Terrier originated from feel they don't have enough lines then, "How do American breeders feel they have enough lines?"
**The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier has only been in existence (acknowledged) since 1984**
The "Biewer" has been quite the most debated breed so far in history to come and if you google Biewer you will find they have different acronyms, Biewer, Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, Biewer Terrier, Biewer Breed etc., not to mention even differentiated accounts on how this Yorkshire Terrier now considered a separate breed originated. But, one thing is certain: the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier originated in Germany and the Parti Yorkshire Terrier originated in America.
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is recognized here in the US with the CKC, BBGC, BBIR, ACA and with the AKC as a Parti Yorkshire Terrier and in Germany the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is recognized with the IHR e.V., IBC, ACH e.V., NHC, and ACH-L.
The Original Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Standard:
Fiedheck Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon "Original" Standard
Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon Standard
RVD Germany UCI Standard May 2002:
(UCI) is an internationally active umbrella organization for national kennel clubs founded 1976 in Germany. UCI e.V. is an international organization. Germany is represented by the Dog Breeders Association (RVD). *Important Note: the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier was registered with ACH e.V. not with UCI.*
Changed German Biewer Yorkshire Terrier Standard on November 02, 2007:
The last German Standard that Gertrude Werner created and signed for the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier. 02.11.2007 (02 November 2007).
Biewer Yorkshire Terrier: (translated to English from the above German Standard) General Appearance: the smallest terrier that owns a long rich coat thats parted on the back. Head: small and flat, by no means round or strongly formed, short catch, deep black nose, eyes medium and dark with intelligent expression, small ears, V-shaped, standing with short, full hair, hair on head and chin. Neck: short, not strong. Hull: very compact with straight backline, well-formed loin. Limbs: completely straight, very luxuriant, covered with hair, paws round. Tail: undocked, abundantly hairy, worn slightly higher than the backline. Hair: medium length on the body, smooth, silky and shiny. Color:
Outer Coat: blue/white, broken or closed, blue/black with white frill, no gold (tan) in top coat.
Legs: legs, and belly and chest hair white.
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier must have 3 colors: blue or black/white/gold. The dog must have a white neck (brace). The white breast color is of coarse as well as the 4 white legs. The white color of the chest goes down to the neck, also white to the chin. In preface, the white color is not necessary. The face color should be set of dark with tan.
Size: up to 22 cm. Weight: about 3.1 Kg.
Character and Suitability: a delightful, lively, cheerful, affectionate, intelligent and self-confident dog bred as a domestic dog, not only a pet, but lap dog. His hair requires careful care.
*The aforementioned Standard was translated from German to English (which the German Standard is posted below) and obtained from the German Registry to be the Only Standard for the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier and was signed by Gertrude Werner on 11/02/2007 and declared to be valid. *There has never been another changed version since.*
-Brief-History of the United States Parti Yorkshire Terrier: On December 10, 1976 (8 years before Mr. Biewer's tricolored puppy) were two women named, Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet that had a "parti-colored" male puppy, named "Trippy" born in their Champion Kennel from their "Wildweir Line" Yorkshire Terriers. They decided to keep him and registered him with the American Kennel Club (AKC) as a Black and Tan Yorkshire Terrier because AKC had no parti-color classification at that time. Trippy lived to be 12 years old. Joan claims that at the time Trippy was being born, she had heard of "tricolored" puppies being born in England and that the tricolored pups were imported to Germany from English stock. This means that parti-colors and tricolored (piebald) Yorkies were showing up in litters in the 1970's and earlier, and that Germany's Yorkshires came from English stock, where the Yorkshire Terrier originated from.
Sometime in the 1980's on the opposite side of the United States were the Lipman's- Gloria, with Nikko's Kennel. They were doing the exact same thing as Mr. and Mrs. Biewer. Nikko's Kennel purchased a couple of female Yorkshire Terrier's from Streamglen Kennels, one being "Streamglen Milady" and they also purchased their Champion Sire, "Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot" from Stoneybrook Kennel in 1971. They bred Ch Quarnhill Fusspot to Streamglen Milady and began producing champion Yorkshire Terriers. They continued to line and in-breed and in the 1980's the "parti-color" puppies started showing up in Nikko's Kennel as well. Gloria couldn't bear to put the pups down, so she passed them out the back door as pets and told customers not to say where they got them from.
This is when the Parti Yorkshire Terrier was acknowledged: Here in the US, Summit and Crownbridge were all getting parti-colored and/or tricolored dogs registered with AKC, as they were born from (2) two AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers as: black, white and tan. So, it was sometime in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testings, that AKC accepted the parti-colored dogs and the name "Parti Yorkshire Terrier" has stuck with AKC's Yorkshire Terriers for the last several years.
So, Just what is a BIRO Yorkshire Terrier?
BIRO is a Chocolate (liver) Biewer Yorkshire Terrier (notto be confusedasa variation of the Biewer Terrier -separate- breed) is caused by a recessive black gene that is of extraordinary chocolate color. The liver gene affects eumelanin (black pigment) only, that causes the black in the coat to be turned to a liver (brown). It is genetically impossible for a liver (brown) colored dog to have even one black hair in its coat. The BIRO always has a brown nose and hazel amber colored eyes. If one parent is a BIRO & the other is a Biewer and both parents carry for the liver (brown gene) then it is possible to have a litter of standard (white-black-gold or white-blue-gold) Biewer Yorkshire puppies and (white-chocolate-gold) BIRO puppies in the same litter. Two BIRO parents will always produce BIRO puppies. The combination of a dark chocolate color on a white background with gold on the head makes the BIRO Yorkshire Terrier highly attractive and exclusively "rare". At the moment the BIRO is rather small-numbered and one of the youngest breeds not just here in the United States but "all" over the world.
History of the BIRO Yorkshire Terrier: It was in the winter of 2004 on December 1st when the first BIRO Yorkshire Terrier puppy was born, a female called "Art of Highclass Relight My Chocolate Fire", to the Art of Highclass Kennel of famous German breeders Roberto Krah and J. Lutz. It was this female dog that became the first registered representative of the BIRO Yorkshire Terrier breed in the World.
The mother of the puppies was "Alisha vom Wasserschlößchen" that gave birth to four puppies. Three of the puppies were Biewer Yorkshire terriers, and the fourth puppy was a female BIRO Yorkshire terrier, who had a chocolate pattern on a white coat instead of the typical black/blue pattern on a white background with a tricolored head. The puppy even had the standard signature golden pattern on the head. The father of this female BIRO Yorkshire terrier was a famous male dog (which might have been born as a result of the eumelanin gene mutation) called "CH Uz von der Elsteraue" – a champion winner of a great number of awards.
Then on January 14, 2005 six weeks later another female BIRO Yorkshire terrier was born in another Kennel, "From the Lightning Showboy” owned by breeders Birgit Rösner and N. Polak. The female puppy was named "Little Princess from the Lightning Showboy". Her mother was "Ailine von Alkotmany" daughter of the already mentioned female, Alisha vom Wasserschlößchen. The father of this puppy was the same, "CH Uz von der Elsteraue". This puppy became the second registered BIRO Yorkshire Terrier breed in the World.
The breeders of both Kennels took interest in the appearance of the new coat color, and decided to continue breeding and strengthening this new BIRO Yorkshire terrier breed.
The BIRO breed got its name from the conjoining of the first -initial letter fusion- of both breeders, who developed this breed: Birgit Rösner, “From the Lightning Showboy” Kennel, and Roberto Krah, “Art of Highclass” Kennel. Unfortunately, Ms. Rösner and Ms. Polak stopped their breeding activities some years ago. Therefore, there is only one original kennel left in Germany still today, the "Art of Highclass".
A great support on the way of the breed’s establishment was given by Ms. Dagmar Przystaw (same person of the Biewer Yorkshire terrier)– 1. Chairperson of the Dog Friends and Fanciers’ International Club (registered union), and of the International Biewer Yorkshire terrier Club (IBC) registered union, as well as 1. Chairperson of German Biewer Yorkshire terrier Club (registered union), including German Dog Breeders Society (registered union). She was the first to accept the BIRO Yorkshire terrier breed in her societies, and she also rendered assistance in its further breeding.
At the present time the BIRO Yorkshire terrier breed is popular all over the world, and it is being bred in many countries: the USA, Canada, Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Czech Republic … etc. The list of the countries is constantly growing. Nevertheless, the BIRO Yorkshire terrier breed, as well as the Biewer Yorkshire terrier breed, hasn’t yet been accepted by the International Fédération of Kennel Clubs (FCI), and or by the American Kennel Club (AKC). Therefore BIRO's can only participate in dog shows organized by clubs and unions, which are not part of the International Fédération of Kennel Clubs (FCI). The BIRO is acknowledged here in the US by the Biro Biewer Golddust Club (BBGC) and is registered by the Biewer Biro International Registry (BBIR). In Germany thru: IHR e.V., ACH, IBC, NHC, and ACH-L. As the BIRO continues to gain in popularity the list of clubs and registries will expand.
The BIRO has a Breed Standard:
The BIRO Official Breed Standard is:
General Appearance: a toy breed whose chocolate and white coat that is long and rich in color is parted on the face and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail is straight and hangs evenly down each side of the body and 3/4 to the floor, neat and compact, should carry his head in such a way to give the impression of confidence and self-importance.
Head and Skull: small, and slightly flat on top and not too round.
Muzzle: should not be too long.
Nose: absolute chocolate, liver.
Eyes: eyes (hazel or green) should sparkle with intelligence and the eye rims should be of a chocolate color and not be too prominent.
Ears: small, V-shaped, carried erect, not set too far apart, covered with long hair.
Neck: good lay of shoulder, not massive.
Teeth: scissor bite, level bite.
Body: very compact, with level top line, well-proportioned low back and hips, (that is a back that doesn't slope too much from the shoulders to the rump or one that doesn't look humped back), chocolate/white broken without black coloring, no gold or tan, chest, belly and legs absolutely white.
Legs and Feet: the forelegs are straight, the hind legs are straight when seen from behind, but the stifles (upper thighs) of the hind legs are slightly bent when seen from the side. The feet are round, paw pads are chocolate and have white toenails.
Tail: curved over the body and covered with a long flowing plume.
Coat: 3/4 long down the sides of the dog, smooth, straight (not wavy), silky (not wooly), should have a single part that runs from base of neck to tip of tail.
Chocolate-White-Gold or Chocolate-White-Tan
Head: Chocolate-White-Gold or Chocolate-White-Tan with a richer gold/tan on ears and muzzle.
Top-line: Chocolate, broken or closed, white frill, No gold or tan in topcoat.
Legs & Chest: chest, belly and legs are to be of pure white. Tip of tail white.
Height: up to 22 cm. (8.6 in)
Weight: up to 3.2 kg (7 lbs.)
Male animals should have two well-developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Faults: absence of the characteristic golden/tan color on the head, any solid color or combination of colors other then chocolate and white as described above. Over or underbite, wavy or curly hair. Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault.
Temperament: bold, confident, courageous, intelligent, independent, feisty, affectionate and loves to be with its human companion.
The Breed Standard gives the following styling tips;
Keep the coat trimmed to floor length.
Tie back the fall with one bow in the center, or part the hair and tie it back in two bows.
Keep the muzzle hair long, but trim the hair around the tips of the ears.
*The foregoing standard was obtained from one of the Germany Club's for this breed*
So, What is a Ocean Pearl or Golddust Yorkshire Terrier?
The Ocean Pearl is the "newest" of the Biewer Yorkshire Terriers and though not sure what year the Ocean Pearl was discovered, they were first seen in Europe and came from two Biewer Yorkshire Terrier parents. Ocean Pearl puppies are born with a very dark golden, reddish brown coat with tan markings and black cast tips on the body hair and darker black tail. It is not quite understood to why as the Ocean Pearl ages into adult hood the coat lightens up very fast and it is the very dark tips (that remain) that can tell you that this puppy once had a very dark colored coat. As an adult the Ocean Pearl will almost appear in shades of cream, yellow, and golden with dark black tips that lighten into a steel light blue hue on the ears, and along the backline but the tail will remain very dark appearing to be black, but is actually a very dark steel blue, this is due to the Yorkshire terrier ancestry
If the parents of the puppy are a BIRO-liver (gene carrier) and one parent is an Ocean Pearl (gene "ay" carrier) then some of the puppies could have Ocean Pearl coats and chocolate nose, eye rims and paw pads (a lot of breeders are thinking they are a Golddust when they mature) but they are a lighter Ocean Pearl. If the parents of the puppy are a Biewer and one parent is an Ocean Pearl then some of the puppies could be Biewer and Ocean Pearl (like Summer & Bentley's litter). Two Ocean Pearl parents will always produce Ocean Pearl puppies.
The Golddust is a Cream colored Biewer Yorkshire caused by a gene mutation when the eumelanin (black-brown pigment) is formed, but not embedded in the coat, so that only the phaeomelanin (red-yellow pigment) is visible as a gold tone on the pigmented parts whatever the distribution. If you bathe a cream-white Golddust you can see the yellow patches on the skin and the coat usually appears white in adult dogs. They are not a new breed in-fact the first Golddust appeared shortly after the first Tri-colored Biewer and followed by the BIRO in Germany and was initially registered as the "Biewer White Gold Yorkshire Terrier" in pedigree books. Although the color was very attractive and intriguing, it was understood that just as the Biewer, they were not correct for the Yorkshire Terrier breed. Golddust was not correct for the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier breed either and were banished. Over the years the Golddust color continued to show up in litters.
A Genetic Biology Teacher, Kristen Sanchez-Meyer, living in Germany seen the Biewer White Gold Yorkshire Terriers and liked them very much. She was so interested in them that she wanted to study and find out more what produces this mutation of the recessive gene. Kristen discovered that the golddust gene mutates when the Eumelanin (the black/brown color) is formed in the skin, but is not visible. The pigment Phaemelanin (gold hue color) is visible in the skin and gives the skin a golden hue. In order to produce this color occurrence both parents of the puppy must be a Golddust, Biewer, BIRO or Yorkshire Terrier that carries the recessive gene, but do not show it in coloration (non-exhibitor). A Biewer, Golddust, BIRO or Yorkie can be a carrier of the gene and never produce the golddust if never paired with another carrier. Two golddust parents will always produce golddust puppies.
Kristen knew she would have to follow in the same footsteps as Mr. Biewer to create her own standard to show the golddust in the show ring. It was with Kristen Sanchez-Meyer's commitment to this breed that she had the first (2) two-Golddust puppies born October 14, 2007, "Bellini Butch Baron vom Klosterbach" and "Sissi Prinzess vom Klosterbach" with another (2) two-puppies born on December 12, 2007, "Alicia Goldschatz vom Klotherbach" and "Anjalie Goldschatz vom Klosterbach". She had them recognized and registered in Germany and changed The Biewer White Gold Yorkshire Terrier name to "Golddust Yorkshire Terriers". Then on February 2, 2008, Alicia and Anjali became the first Golddust's to enter the show ring and earn championship in Germany.
On August 8, 2009, Sharon Brown introduced to The North American Kennel Club (NAKC) the first Golddust Yorkshire Terriers, "Exquisite's A Heart of Gold" and "A Love of Gold" where they were accepted and on July 10, 2010 at The NAKC show in Bowie, MD, her dog "Exquisite's Garden Grown Copper" went on to be the first American Golddust to win "Best in Show". Then on October 9, 2010, the International All Breed Canine Association (IABCA) accepted the Golddust into the show ring with Sharon's "Exquisite's Copper, Quincy and Nicki" becoming the 1st National Golddust Yorkshire Terrier Champions. The Golddust is the newest Terrier to be acknowledged and just in the recent years is being recognized here and around the world. Currently the Golddust is acknowledged by the Biro Biewer Golddust Club (BBGC), the Biewer Biro International Registry (BBIR). In Germany thru: IHR e.V., ACH, IBC, NCH, ACH-L. As the Golddust continues to gain in popularity the list of clubs and registries will expand.
The Golddust has a Breed Standard:
The Golddust Official Breed Standard is:
General Appearance: a toy breed whose hair hangs straight, evenly 3/4 down the side of the dog, hair is fine, silky white-gold, in whatever the distribution.
Head: small with medium sized muzzle.
Ears: small V-shaped, carried upright, not set too far apart, covered with hair.
Eyes: dark eye rims, medium size, green-brown to dark brown in color.
Legs: not too long, straight, round paw pads black, covered with hair, black toe nails.
Hind Legs: straight, uniform, covered with hair.
Tail: carried high with long hair.
Coat: white-gold, no matter the distribution, long, straight, shiny, growing luxuriantly, (The golden hue but need not, in the adult animal brighten very strong that it only be such fine dust, hence the name "Golddust"= golddust).
Cream-White-Gold or Cream-White-Tan
Head: cream-white-gold or cream-white-tan, white/gold symmetrically colored.
Topline: cream, white-gold, broken or closed, no matter the distribution..
Legs &Chest: chest, legs, belly, white/gold no matter the distribution.
Height: up to 25 cm
Weight: up to 3. 1 kg (In exceptional cases a higher weight allowed) Male animals should have two well-developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Faults: any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault.
Temperament: bold, confident, courageous, intelligent, well-rounded to surroundings.
The Ocean Pearl has a Breed Standard:
TheOcean PearlOfficial Breed Standard is:
General Appearance: a sable/blue/gold toy breed whose long hair hangs straight 3/4 to the floor and equally distributed on either side, parting down the back to tip of tail.
Head: relatively small, not to round or prominent, medium sized muzzle.
Ears: small V-shaped, carried upright, not set too far apart, covered with hair that has a hint of black cast that turns to a dark steel blue that lightens as they age.
Eyes: medium in size, not prominent, dark in color with dark eye rims, set to look directly forward.
Nose: completely black, not pigmented.
Bite: scissor bite, level bite.
Body: compact, powerful, well proportioned, straight back.
Legs: straight, covered with hair, round paw pads black, black toe nails, covered with hair.
Hind legs: straight, uniform, covered with hair.
Tail: carried high, covered with long plume of hair that appears black, but turns into a dark steel blue as adults.
Coat: born very dark in color with tan points, color continues to change until adulthood and varies, golden brown with black cast tips on the body that turns to a lighter steel blue, but can be light to gold, brown or cream, straight (not wavy), shiny, silky (not wooly).
Head & Body: sable; golden brown; red with dark steel blue points.
Outer Coat: continuously changes into adult hood, varies in golden hue, golden brown, cream, with black cast tips (that turn into a dark steel blue as adults).
Legs: richer, lighter shade of body color
Height: 8 to 9 inches.
Weight: up to 3. 2 kg. Male animals should have two well-developed testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Faults: any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault.
Temperament: bold, confident, courageous, intelligent, well-rounded to surroundings.
*The foregoing Breed Standards were obtained from those who personally know the founder of these breeds*
Pics of Golddusts and Ocean Pearls
These examples of different Golddust & Ocean Pearl are not our dogs (except Summer's) and to show how the Ocean Pearl can look from puppy to adult age.