Hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar, is most common in small or tiny toy breeds between five (5) and twelve (12) weeks of age. It is often precipitated by stress and longer periods of non-eating, and can occur without warning. Hypoglycemia can be a real threat to these tiny puppies. Watch for tiredness or droopiness, listlessness or unsteadiness. They are followed by muscular weakness, tremors, and later by convulsions, coma and even death. If your puppy has any symptoms of hypoglycemia you must act fast! If the puppy is awake, give them nutri-cal or rub Karo syrup, pancake syrup, honey, or even sugar water on his/her gums before calling your veterinarian. You should see signs of improvement in 15-20 minutes. If no improvements repeat and call your veterinarian immediately and transport your puppy to the vet after feeding for further care, such as intravenous glucose. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
This is an "opportunist protozoon" meaning: Protozoan parasites may invade a dogs intestinal tract and cause infections such as Coccidia. All dogs carry coccidia. The immune system of your dog has to weaken in order for the protozoa to have an opportunity to start multiplying and express its self. Usually stress can be one kind of trigger. Some vets will explain coccidia to their clients by saying "your pet is loaded with parasites" then, the client will interpret that as "my pet has worms". That is not the case. Coccidia is not exactly a parasite but can be just as hard to treat if gone unnoticed or undetected. It occurs when your pets G.I. tract becomes unbalanced. As long as good bacteria exist in the gut (g.i. tract), coccidia cannot grow or multiply. The first signs of coccidia is usually a lack of eating properly accompanied by a loose stinky stool and sometimes escalating to bouts hypoglycemia. This can be transmitted to humans so hands are to be washed properly. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
Giardiasis is also a protozoan parasite that can infect the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and is capable of causing diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss and lethargy although many infected animals show no signs at all. It is common throughout the United States and can cause infections at almost any time of the year. Unlike many other infectious organisms, giardia persists longer in the environment when conditions are cool and moist. Most dogs become infected by drinking water contaminated with feces and also by consuming infected feces of another animal. Giardia then infects the small intestine and infected dogs pass microscopic cysts in their stool. These cysts can then infect another animal or person if ingested. Giardia cysts are very resistant in the environment, and can live for many months under the correct circumstances. If your dog is diagnosed with giardia, he will likely be prescribed medication and it is advisable to bathe your dog on his last day of treatment to eliminate all giardia cysts from his hair coat (which are located on the back legs). These cysts are a threat to pet health, and giardia is a very common cause of pet diarrhea in the United States. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
Every dog owner should have a First-Aid-Kit. The following list is of a kit we personally have on hand in-case of an emergency for our dogs and consists of:
- activated charcoal: to neutralize the side effects of eating odd things
- anti-diarrheal medications, to give in-case of severe diarrhea
- antiseptic ointment
- bandage tape
- benadryl (diphenhydramine): for allergies, insect bites
- canned pumpkin: to aid in settling an irritated gut
- children's aspirin: dogs do not tolerate Tylenol or any other non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs)
- corn syrup: to treat low sugars (hypoglycemia) in dogs
- first-aid instructions, veterinary and emergency clinic numbers
- hydrogen peroxide: for antiseptic properties and it can be used to induce vomiting if required
- instant cold compresses
- ophthalmic ointment
- self-adhesive bandages
- sterile gauze dressings
- syringe without a needle: for delivery of liquid medications
- syrup of ipecac: used to induce vomiting if needed
CPR for your Dog
Something I truly hope you will never need to use, but knowing how to give your dog CPR could possibly someday save a pet's life.
*Please Note* The above is an explanations are with tips and suggestions. If you think your dog might be sick, please contact your Vet.