Puppy Stuff: CPR, First Aid, Hypoglycemia, etc...
This page is informational and is important puppy stuff any puppy parent should know in regards to Hypoglycemia, Coccidia, Giardia, First Aid, Puppy Stages, CPR for Canines and a few other things.
Hypoglycemia, which is low blood sugar, is most common in small or tiny toy breeds between five (5) and twelve (12) weeks of age. It is often precipitated by stress and longer periods of non-eating, and can occur without warning. Hypoglycemia can be a real threat to these tiny puppies. Watch for tiredness or droopiness, listlessness or unsteadiness. They are followed by muscular weakness, tremors, and later by convulsions, coma and even death. If your puppy has any symptoms of hypoglycemia you must act fast! If the puppy is awake, give them nutri-cal or rub Karo syrup, pancake syrup, honey, or even sugar water on his/her gums before calling your veterinarian. You should see signs of improvement in 15-20 minutes. If no improvements repeat and call your veterinarian immediately and transport your puppy to the vet after feeding for further care, such as intravenous glucose. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
This is an "Opportunist Protozoon" meaning - Protozoan parasites may invade a dogs intestinal tract and cause infections such as Coccidia. All dogs carry coccidia. The immune system of your dog has to weaken in order for the protozoa to have an opportunity to start multiplying and express its self. Usually stress can be one kind of trigger. Some vets will explain coccidia to their clients by saying "your pet is loaded with parasites" then, the client will interpret that as "my pet has worms". That is not the case. Coccidia is not exactly a parasite but can be just as hard to treat if gone unnoticed or undetected. It occurs when your pets G.I. tract becomes unbalanced. As long as good bacteria exist in the gut (g.i. tract), coccidia cannot grow or multiply. The first signs of coccidia is usually a lack of eating properly accompanied by a loose stinky stool and sometimes escalating to bouts hypoglycemia. This can be transmitted to humans so hands are to be washed properly. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
Giardiasis is also a protozoan parasite that can infect the gastrointestinal tract of dogs and is capable of causing diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss and lethargy although many infected animals show no signs at all. It is common throughout the United States and can cause infections at almost any time of the year. Unlike many other infectious organisms, giardia persists longer in the environment when conditions are cool and moist. Most dogs become infected by drinking water contaminated with feces and also by consuming infected feces of another animal. Giardia then infects the small intestine and infected dogs pass microscopic cysts in their stool. These cysts can then infect another animal or person if ingested. Giardia cysts are very resistant in the environment, and can live for many months under the correct circumstances. If your dog is diagnosed with giardia, he will likely be prescribed medication and it is advisable to bathe your dog on his last day of treatment to eliminate all giardia cysts from his hair coat (which are located on the back legs). These cysts are a threat to pet health, and giardia is a very common cause of pet diarrhea in the United States. If your pet shows signs of this, seek your veterinarian for professional advice and treatment.
Puppy not Feeling well
So, What if your puppy isn't feeling well? What can you do to help?
You can give them pep bismol, plain unflavored and unsweetened yogurt, rice cereal and clear pedialyte. Nutrical or Karyo syrup should always be on hand for any small breed dog. In case of hypoglycemia you can give your puppy a little gatorade if you have no nutrical or karyo syrup on hand and Always contact your veterinarian if your puppy is not feeling well and is sick.
Every dog owner should have a First-Aid-Kit. The following list is of a kit we personally have on hand in-case of an emergency for our dogs and consists of:
- activated charcoal: to neutralize the side effects of eating odd things
- anti-diarrheal medications, to give in-case of severe diarrhea
- antiseptic ointment
- bandage tape
- benadryl (diphenhydramine): for allergies, insect bites
- canned pumpkin: to aid in settling an irritated gut
- children's aspirin: dogs do not tolerate Tylenol or any other non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs)
- corn syrup: to treat low sugars (hypoglycemia) in dogs
- first-aid instructions, veterinary and emergency clinic numbers
- hydrogen peroxide: for antiseptic properties and it can be used to induce vomiting if required
- instant cold compresses
- ophthalmic ointment
- self-adhesive bandages
- sterile gauze dressings
- syringe without a needle: for delivery of liquid medications
- syrup of ipecac: used to induce vomiting if needed
Puppy Stages 0-4yrs
- 0-2 weeks-Neonatal Stage: during this time puppies sleep most of the tie and respond only to warmth, touch and smell. They cannot regulate their body functions as to temperature and elimination and at this stage their strongest bond is with their mother.
- 2-4 weeks-Transitional Stage: the puppies ears and eyes begin to open, but sight and hearing are limited. Tail begins wagging and puppy begins to control body functions and their siblings become more influenced in their new world.
- *By the time the puppies are approximately 5 weeks old, their eyesight and hearing will be well developed, they will be walking and barking. The puppy is learning that he is a dog and is engaging in socialization and playing with it litter-mates.*
- 3-6 weeks-Socialization Stage: the puppies are learning bite inhibition, interacting with his mother and litter mates. They are learning various canine behaviors and aware of the differences between canine and human societies and learning his identity as a dog.
- 7-12 weeks and up to 12 weeks: the puppy has the brain wave of an adult dog, during this stage it is best for them to go to their new and forever families. They have the ability to learn simple behavioral responses: sit, stay and come. House breaking begins and the puppy is now learning by association.
- *This stage is when a permanent human/dog bond begins and it is with careful consideration to giving gentle discipline because from 8-10 weeks puppies go thru a "fear impact stage" and any traumatic experiences can have an effect during this period. Learning at this stage is permanent.*
- 12-24 weeks: puppies are chewing on everything in sight as teeth are cutting and at this time the puppy begins testing dominance and leadership. Biting at this stage should be absolutely discouraged and praise for correct behavior will be a most effective tool. This stage is where you should start introducing your puppy to other dogs and this will help them to become more socialized.
- 6 months-2 years-Adolescence Stage: a puppies life is marked by increased signs of independence and dominance and in the case of "intact" puppies that have not been spayed or neutered, at around the six month mark, the beginnings of sexual behavior will present themselves.
- *During the adolescence or juvenile stage of your puppy's life, it will be important to continue with socializing because this is also a time when many puppies will start to show aggression towards other animals, other dogs or even people they don't know. They will go thru a "second fear impact stage" and this fear should be handled with patience and kindness that puts the dog in a position of success, allowing him to work things out while building "self-confidence".*
- 1-4 years-Maturity Stage: Many breeds' on average develop into full maturity between 1 to 1-1/2 years of age with some reaching maturity at 3 years and giant breeds continually changing well beyond 4 years of age. Smaller breeds reach maturity sooner then larger breeds and this is true for the Miniature Schnauzer and the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
- *During this stage there is an increase in aggression by a renewed testing for leadership. The dog should be handled firmly, while praising them for proper behaviors and giving "no inroads" to affirm their leadership will reming them that this issue has already been addressed.*
CPR for your Dog
Something I truly hope you will never need to use, but knowing how to give your dog CPR could possibly someday save a pet's life.
Just Fun Facts:
- Yorkshire Terriers are quite particular about choosing a mate.
- Miniature Schnauzers are true family members.
- Maltese are often Fearless.
- Chosen mates often dislike each other and require a "getting to know you period."
- Yorkshire terriers became registered in "1885."
- Miniature Schnauzers as early as "1899."
- Maltese have had many different names throughout the years.
- Weavers brought Yorkshire Terriers to England.
- Morkshire Terriers were first bred in the United States in the late 1990s.
- Miniature Schnauzers have a keen sense of hearing.
- Maltese can easily get Sunburn.
- A pairing at SMM is typically called a Wedding!
- The Miniature Schnauzer is the most popular of the three Schnauzer breeds.
- The Maltese nose can change color.
- A Yorkshire Terriers hair can grow to be two feet long!
- Morkshire Terriers can have an exceptionally long lifespan.
- Lastly, in 1984, a little Yorkshire Terrier named Schneeflocken von Friedheck was born with unusual markings in blue, white, and gold - this unique puppy created a new breed - "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."
*Please Note* The above is an explanations are with tips and suggestions. If you think your dog might be sick, please contact your Vet.
*Disclaimer* All information on this site is presented solely for informational and educational purposes. It should not, at anytime be considered a substitute for seeking or receiving veterinary care for your pet.