The four (4) color's of the distant cousin to the Yorkshire terrier as of Today:
Biewer White, Blue and Gold or White, Black and Gold, (Germany Standard-1989)
BIRO Chocolate, White and Gold or Chocolate, White and Tan, (Germany Standard-2004)
Golddust Cream, White and Gold or Cream, White and Tan (Germany Standard-2007)
Ocean Pearl Sable, Blue and Gold or Reddish brown w/black tips, (Europe Standard-2007)
*But prior to 1989 there were only traditional Yorkshire Terriers with breeders not mentioning that they had "piebald" and/or "tricolored" color puppy's being born in their litters.*
What is the difference? Biewer or Parti?
1st I want to mention that the "Biewer Terrier" is NOT a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier or Parti Yorkshire Terrier!
I am going to briefly mention the Biewer Terrier, only because there are a lot of individuals who do not realize that this dog is not relatedto the Yorkshire Terrier, the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier that originated out of Germany, and is not relatedto the Parti Yorkshire Terrier here in the United States either.
I already know what you're thinking! But, the Biewer Terrier at first glance, looks like a parti or tricolored Yorkiebut it is not. The Biewer Terrier is a new breed to the American Kennel Club's, Foundation Stock Service Program (FSS) as of 2014 and according to the Biewer Terrier Club of America (BTCA) the parent club of AKC for this breed, does not have any Yorkshire Terrier ancestry and the following is why:
Sometime in 2007, the Wisdom Health (established in 2005) which now goes by the name, Mars Veterinary (name changed in 2017) was contacted by the Biewer Terrier Club of America (BTCA) in assistance in determining the genetic make-up for the "Biewer breed" they had. The BTCA submitted some 100 or more blood samples of dogs they had registered with their Biewer Terrier registry, the Biewer Terrier Registry of America (BTRA).
Mars Veterinary determined that the Biewer breed that the BTCA submitted was a new and distinct breed by way of a genetic mutation called the white spotting gene. The BTCA went to AKC, FSS and presented the Biewer breed as a new breed to be called the "Biewer Terrier". In April of 2014, the AKC, FSS recorded the "Biewer Terrier" as a new breed. (Below is the statement from Mars Veterinary explaining that the Biewer Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier are not related)
It is important to know that in order for the Biewer Terrier to be a New Breed, the Biewer Terrier had to have a different ancestry and as of today, that ancestry is unknown. The Biewer Terrier is believed to be a mixed breed coming from possibly the Maltese and/or Shih Tzu breeds.
MARS Veterinary stating that the "Yorkshire Terrier and Biewer Terrier" are CLOSELY related and in effect differ by a single gene mutation.
Even though the Biewer Terrier Club of America (BTRA) states that the Biewer Terrier dog originated from Germany and gives a history of their breed coming from Gertrude and Werner Biewers' Yorkshire Terrier's, think about that for a moment......................... because if the Biewer Terrier came from Mr. and Mrs. Gertrude Biewer then the Biewer Terrier would have Yorkshire Terrier Ancestry bloodlines and in fact, the Biewer Terrier does not.
**The reason why this information is So Important is because the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is a line of Yorkshire Terriers, like the Wildweir, the Durrer, and the Nikko lines (example of lines of Yorkshire's), that a man in Germany, Mr. Werner Biewer bred and called the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier another line of Yorkshire's after his own name, "Biewer".**
Therefore, the only "Biewer" with German history is the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
Now, onto the Biewer & Parti Yorkshire Terrier
As to the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier: I have done some extensive research and found that the Parti-color also called piebald and/or tricolor have been in the Yorkshire Terrier's as "recessive genes" that can be traced back to the 1800's.
Piebald is having irregular patches or two-colors, typically black and white.
Tricolor is having three-colors on the head and having irregular patches of two-colors on the body, typically black and white.
Now, to the difference's of the two:
Here in the US, they are called: Parti Yorkshire Terrier's
In Germany, they are called: Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's (a la Pom Pon).
The Biewer is acknowledged in different countries by different names and the only distinguishing factor is:
"What is your dog's bloodline?" a Parti from United States, which is most known to come from Nikko's line? OR a Biewer from Germany, which is known to come from Mr. & Mrs. Biewer's line?
The Parti- is per AKC- considered a Parti-color: two or more definite, well-broken colors, one of which must be white. *If you hear the term Parti Yorkie, they are talking about the color of the Yorkie. AKC does register them only as Yorkshire Terrier's.
The Biewer- is per ACH e.V. Germany- considered a Tri-color: three definite colors on the head, and two well-broken colors of the body, one of which must be white. *If you hear the term Biewer Yorkie or Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, they are talking about the color of the Yorkie. ACH e.V., IHR e.V., and IBC does register them only as Biewer Yorkshire Terrier's.
There are some club's here in the US that recognize the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier as a Yorkshire Terrier with a color variation.
The Parti Yorkshire Terrier
History of the United States Parti Yorkshire Terrier: On December 10, 1976 (8 years before Mr. Biewer's tricolored puppy) were two women named, Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet that had a "piebald" male puppy, named "Trippy" born in their Champion Kennel from their "Wildweir Line" Yorkshire Terriers. They decided to keep him and registered him with the American Kennel Club (AKC) as a Black and Tan Yorkshire Terrier because AKC had no piebald classification at that time. Trippy lived to be 12 years old. Joan claims that at the time Trippy was being born, she had heard of "tricolored" puppies being born in England and that the tricolored pups were imported to Germany from English stock. This means that piebald and tricolored Yorkies were showing up in litters in the 1970's and earlier, and that Germany's Yorkshires came from English stock, where the Yorkshire Terrier originated from.
Sometime in the 80's on the opposite side of the United States were the Lipmans, Gloria, with Nikko's Kennel. They were doing the exact same thing as Mr. and Mrs. Biewer. Nikko's Kennel purchased a couple of female Yorkshire Terrier's from Streamglen Kennels, one being "Streamglen Milady" and they also purchased their Champion Sire, "Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot" from Stoneybrook Kennel in 1971. They bred Ch Quarnhill Fusspot to Streamglen Milady and began producing champion Yorkshire Terriers. They continued to line and in-breed and in the 1980's the "piebald" puppies started showing up in Nikko's Kennel as well. Gloria couldn't bear to put the pups down, so she passed them out the back door as pets and told customers not to say where they got them from.
This is when the Parti Yorkshire Terrier was acknowledged: Here in the US, Summit and Crownbridge were all getting piebald and/or tricolored dogs registered with AKC, as they were born from (2) two AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers as: black, white and tan. So, sometime in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testings, AKC accepted the piebald dogs and the name "Parti Yorkshire Terrier" has stuck with AKC's Yorkshire Terriers for the last several years.
During this time each country (US and Germany) and their registries have went their own way in-color versions of what the standard for these dogs would be by giving them different names, the Parti Yorkshire Terrier and the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
History of the German Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is explained on Bentley's page. (Our Royal)
Just to re-cap:
Are you confused Yet? Well it can certainly be confusing and unbelievable but there are in fact: Two different Biewer Yorkshire Terriers:
The Parti Yorkshire Terrier (US)
The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier (Germany)
The BIRO is explained on Rhubee's Page. The Ocean Pearl and Golddust are explained on Summer's Page.