American Morkshire Terrier Kisses & Cuddles There's a time for Play and a Time for Love
A dog breed that's sure to love. The American Morkshire Terrier aka Morkie is a fluff-ball of personality, loyalty and love. They are one of the top most popular designer breeds. This petite terrier is absolutely adorable, highly intelligent, very affectionate, and overflowing with confidence. Coming from two Toy Parents they are the perfect pooch for Individuals and Families! Friendly and Social Gentle and Spunky Self-Confident Bubbly and Playful
The American Morkshire Terrier a.k.a Morkie originated here in the United States in the late 1990s and in the UK shortly thereafter. They have only been in existence for the last 25 years, so some say. But is it possible the Morkie has actually been around longer than that? It is documented in books that the Parti Colored Yorkie comes from the matting of a Yorkshire Terrier with a Maltese back in the 1800s. The only problem is there seems to be no proof of such possibility documented only speculation.
So, just what is an American Morkshire Terrier?
The American Morkshire Terrier is a cross between a purebred Maltese and a purebred Yorkshire Terrier. Morkies have been considered a Designer bred dog, but over the years this dog has become one of the most popular breeds known to be called: Yorktese, Malki or Malkie, Maltiyork, Morkie, Maltese Yorkie Mix, Yorkiemalt and a Maltibiewer!
We call our American Morkshire Terriers -Morkie for short.
The Morkie is not a mutt or a mixed bred dog. Mutt's are a mixed bred pup considered to be the result of the blending (mixing) of a number of different breeds because one, or both parents are mixed breeds themselves.
In contrast, the background of designer dog breeds -hybrid dogs- have a definite structure:
The first generation designer dog (F1), is the direct result of breedingtwo purebred dogs of different breeds.
The second generation (F2) is the direct result of breedingtwo (F1) dogs.
The third is what is referred to as (F3) this is a result of breeding two (F2) hybrids.
Now, there is what's called 'backcross' puppies;
This is referred to as (F1b) puppies. They are the result of breeding a (F1) hybrid back to a purebred dog of either the mother or father's breed. (Ex: F1 Morkie X purebred Yorkshire Terrier).
The offsprings of this cross are considered (F2b) pups.
*Important Note* In order for you to have a designer bred dog the offspring must have 50% of one breed and 50% of the other breed and bred true to consistently get the same looks and characteristics. It is also important to note that the Mom (dam) is always a Maltese and the Father (sire) is always a Yorkshire Terrier or Biewer Yorkshire Terrier- in this case, for a puppy to be an (F1) pup. That's because the Dam has a lot more influence on the pups than the Sire and science tends to say that genes are inherited very closely to 50-50 with Dam (mom).
The American Morkshire Terrier can vary in appearance with some that express more of a Yorkshire terrier appearance and some that will have the appearance of a Maltese. They are a small toy breed dog with common coat colors in: black, tan and white and a combination of all three. As the dog ages (in some cases) their coloration can become a silver grey due to the Yorkshire influence. Morkie coats are usually silky, straight and long. They can have upright ears like that of a Yorkie or floppy like that of a Maltese. If the father Yorkie has colors other than the traditional blue and tanor blue and gold, the resulting Morkie can be seen in more unusual colors like white-black-tan or black-tan-white.
This adaptable dog loves to get along with other canines and pets and requires minimal exercise due to their small stature. Despite their infamous tiny size and ability too easily fit into most hand bags, these dogs come full of life, abundantly confident and can have a feisty attitude. There is not a specific standard for this breed until recently, but the Morkie has become quite a popular breed with average size ranging from 4-7 lbs. (depending on the size of their purebred parents) or they can be slightly bigger or smaller. Here at Stillions Miniature Miracles Ranch we like ours to be in the 4-6 lb range full grown.
Knowing about both backgrounds of the Maltese and Yorkie will give you a better understanding of a Morkshire Terrier.
Although both purebred parents are officially recognized by several kennel clubs e.g. AKC, UKC, CKC their crossbreed offspring at this time cannot be registered with either club and may very well be sometime in the foreseeable future. But for now, they are recognized thru Designer or Hybrid Club's: ACHC, DBR, DRA, IDCR, CKC-Continental and now with the American Morkshire Terrier Club (AMTC).
We are proud to say that we are the founders of the First and Only breed Club & Registry for the Morkshire Terrier, the American Morkshire Terrier Club (AMTC) www.amtcusa.com here in the U.S. and around the world! AMTC was founded in 2019 as a club with a registry because after a long extensive search for a Morkie club, we found that one doesn't exist!
So, if you are a Morkie breeder or someone searching for a Morkie or just added a Morkie to your family and would like to be apart of the AMTC for the Morkshire Terrier breed, then click on the logo below to find out more!
American Morkshire Terrier Club a non-profit Club & Registry
Below is a list of health disorders that can be commonly associated with this designer breed:
Tracheal Collapse Is a progressive disease of a dog’s trachea which typically occurs in smaller dogs and causes respiratory issues, frequent coughing and difficulty eating. Cataracts Cataracts in dogs occur when the eye lens is gradually covered by an opaque cloudiness. Maltese are prone to severe cataracts, which can appear anywhere from birth to six years old. The condition will affect the dog’s vision and can lead to complete canine blindness. However, sometimes the condition can be corrected and vision can be restored with surgery. Glaucoma Glaucoma affects over 40% of dogs and is a condition of the eyes. There is a buildup of pressure in the eye like humans that prevents fluids from draining which can cause damage to the optic nerves of the eyes.
Reverse Sneezing Reverse sneezing is a condition that affects all types of dogs, but more commonly smaller dogs such as miniatures, Terriers, and brachycephalic breeds. It is a "paroxysmal" respiratory response, meaning that it comes in spasm-like episodes. It is suspected to be caused by irritation or inflammation of the nasal, pharyngeal, or sinus passages. It may be a way for the dog to attempt to remove foreign particles such as dust, powder or other irritants from its upper airways. It is also seen after periods of over-excitement. It can be alarming to an owner, but is not known to be harmful to dogs without any underlying conditions (such as heart disease), and most dogs are completely normal before and after a reverse sneezing episode. In dogs that exhibit reverse sneezing, it is not uncommon for them to have repeat episodes of reverse sneezing throughout their lives. Luxating Patella This is a condition that affects a dog's kneecaps where they become dislocated or slightly out of position. Although it is a hereditary condition that Yorkshire Terriers often suffer from trauma and injury can also cause Luxating Patella. If the condition is very severe, a vet would recommend surgery to correct the problem.
Tear Stains Porphyrin (a pigment) is excreted in tears, saliva and urine. Some of the iron that is released from the breakdown of red blood cells goes into porphyrin. The Porphyrin that is contained in your dog's tears causes the actual stain Certain breeds of dogs are more susceptible to tear stains or it can simply be a case of a particular dog being predisposed towards getting tear stains. It can come from the environment, an infection, eye-lashes rubbing the cornea and there is a genetic basis for dogs that get tear stains and is seen in certain types of dogs more than others like the Poodle, Maltese and Shih Tzu. Also, dogs that are light colored will have more obvious tear-staining than darker dogs.
Conclusion Not all Morkshire Terriers may develop any of the health issues listed above during the course of their lives. The other thing to bear in mind, is that no matter how well bred a dog might be, bad genes are able to skip several generations so it's always worth knowing about them. However, it's very important to pay attention to the specific purebreds that are being produced for a particular hybrid as well (that's for any hybrid).
Brief History About The Maltese
Where did the Maltese come from? Not surprisingly, the Maltese 'origin' stories vary according to the description of the Maltese and where they came from.
Maltese called the: "Ye Ancient Dogge of Malta" is older than history itself, a living artifact from a time when a civilization was defined by its myths, and when praying to a golden idol of a dog wouldn’t raise an eyebrow. It is stated that the Maltese descends from one of the most ancient dog breeds to be found in recorded history. Estimated that the breed originated around 600 B.C. with some written accounts of being 350 BC. That's over 10 thousand years ago!
The Maltese descended from a Spitz-like dog which was bred for hunting in marsh land areas. Historical evidence leads one to believe that the Maltese may well have been introduced into the gene pools of the Lhasa Apso, the Tibetan Terrier, the Tibetan Spaniel, and even the Pekingese - helping to shape- the eventual evolution of these truly ancient breeds of dogs. The earliest known representations of Maltese dogs on artifacts found at Fayum, Egypt (600-300 B.C.), suggest that the Maltese was one of the dogs worshipped by the ancient Egyptians. Maltese images were found on Greek vases dated around 500 B.C. and the first known written history of the breed was actually authored by the Greek philosopher, Aristotle around 350 B.C., where he attributed the origin of the breed to the "Island of Malta" in the Mediterranean Sea - hence the name "Maltese".
Maltese are a hypoallergenic breed known to be: Trusting, Lively, Docile, Fearless, Affectionate, Responsive, Sweet-Tempered, Playful, Easygoing, Active, Intelligent and Gentle. Males and Females generally weighing under 7 lbs full grown with 4-6 lbs being preferred.
General Appearance: The Maltese is a toy dog covered from head to foot with a mantle of long, silky, white hair. He is gentle-mannered and affectionate, eager and sprightly in action, and, despite his size, possessed of the vigor needed for the satisfactory companion.
Head:Of medium length and in proportion to the size of the dog. The skull is slightly rounded on top, the stop moderate. The drop ears are rather low set and heavily feathered with long hair that hangs close to the head. Eyes are set not too far apart; they are very dark and round, their black rims enhancing the gentle yet alert expression. The muzzle is of medium length, fine and tapered but not snipy. The nose is black. The teeth meet in an even, edge-to-edge bite, or in a scissors bite.
Neck: Sufficient length of neck is desirable as promoting a high carriage of the head.
Body: Compact, the height from the withers to the ground equaling the length from the withers to the root of the tail. Shoulder blades are sloping, the elbows well knit and held close to the body. The back is level in topline, the ribs well sprung. The chest is fairly deep, the loins taut, strong, and just slightly tucked up underneath.
Tail: A long-haired plume carried gracefully over the back, its tip lying to the side over the quarter.
Legs and Feet:Legs are fine-boned and nicely feathered. Forelegs are straight, their pastern joints well knit and devoid of appreciable bend. Hind legs are strong and moderately angulated at stifles and hocks. The feet are small and round, with toe pads black. Scraggly hairs on the feet may be trimmed to give a neater appearance.
Coat and Color: The coat is single, that is, without undercoat. It hangs long, flat, and silky over the sides of the body almost, if not quite, to the ground. The long head-hair may be tied up in a topknot or it may be left hanging. Any suggestion of kinkiness, curliness, or woolly texture is objectionable. Color, pure white. Light tan or lemon on the ears is permissible, but not desirable.Size: Weight under 7 pounds, with from 4 to 6 pounds preferred. Overall quality is to be favored over size.
Gait: The Maltese moves with a jaunty, smooth, flowing gait. Viewed from the side, he gives an impression of rapid movement, size considered. In the stride, the forelegs reach straight and free from the shoulders, with elbows close. Hind legs to move in a straight line. Cowhocks or any suggestion of hind leg toeing in or out are faults.
Temperament: For all his diminutive size, the Maltese seems to be without fear. His trust and affectionate responsiveness are very appealing. He is among the gentlest mannered of all little dogs, yet he is lively and playful as well as vigorous.
*Foregoing Standard of AKC*
Pics of Maltese Back in the Days
1873 Depiction of Skye, Maltese and Cairn Terriers.
1725 Maltese painting by Duplessis Joseph Siffred.
Early 1800s painting of Maltese
1855 Depiction of Toy Spaniel, dwarf Spitz and Maltese.
Antique Photograph of Maltese, Little Lou.
1st Century B.C. terracotta figurine of a Maltese.
Marilyn Monroe and her beloved Maltese, "Maf Honey" 1960s
These examples of different Maltese are not our dogs.