The Yorkshire Terrier Snuggles & Kisses There's a Time for Play and a Time for Love
A dog breed that's sure to love. The Yorkie may come at the end of the alphabet, but it's one of the top most popular breeds. This petite terrier is adorable, highly intelligent, affectionate, smart and overflowing with liveliness. With their spunky and impish sense on humor they will certainly fill your heart and home with love! Curious and Bold Spirited and Loyal Active and Brave Self-Confident
All about Yorkshire Terriers
Written by Anna
The Yorkshire Terrier is one of the smallest dog breeds in the world, yet they seem oblivious to their minute size, and are an energetic dog breed that is forever seeking adventure, love and attention.
So, where did the Yorkshire Terrier come from? The Yorkshire Terrier also known as it's nickname, "Yorkie" is no more than 100 years old and originated during the Victorian Era in Scotland, England. They derived from the now-extinct Paisley Terrier referred to as the "Clydesdale Terrier", a terrier type of dog similar to the Skye Terrier. The Yorkshire was originally bred for catching rats in mines and clothing mills and also was bred to hunt and borrow underground after badgers and foxes.
The Paisley Terrier had a long flowing silky coat of blue and tan, that they acquired from their ancestors, the Waterside Terrier, a small Scottish breed. This is where the Yorkshire gets its color and silky long coat from. The Yorkshire made its first appearance in Scotland, England in 1861 during a bench show. At that time they were known as the "Broken Haired Scotch Terrier". Yorkshires kept this title for (9) nine consecutive years until a show reporter commented that the "breed" should be known as the Yorkshire Terrier because the breed had improved so much since their arrival to England.
The Yorkshire Terrier that owners know and love today is slightly smaller than the original breed and is now considered more of a fashion accessory to some rather than a hunter. Yorkshires love to be pampered by it's owner, yet still enjoy activities and remains a true "terrier' at heart. They are born black and tan and gradually change into a blue and tan color between 1-2 years of age with the color shift beginning at their feet. Some Yorkshires can take as long as 3-4 years before their true coat color emerges. They have a long, silky and straight coat that is parted down their backs and flows down to their feet. They are very intelligent, alert, active, clever and quick learners. They make wonderful and devoted companions that need and require a firm but consistent owner in order to be a well rounded loving family pet.
Below are pics of the Paisley Terrier, "Huddersfield Ben" and his pedigree, a Yorkshire Terrier born in 1865 universally acknowledged to be the foundation Sire of the breed todayalong with other pics of famous Yorkshires.
Huddersfield Ben Whelped in 1865 and died in 1871. In spite of his short life span, he was responsible for producing most of the foundation stock of the Yorkshire Terriers seen today. He was an extremely popular stud dog, being prepotent and especially due to his reputation as "One of the first to breed true to the Yorkshire Terrier type". He regularly sired stock that competed in the under 7 pound limit dog shows. Huddersfield died in 1871 when he was ran over by a carriage and killed at the young age of 6 years.
1943 "Smokey" (pictured above) a famous female war dog who served as a service dog in World War II.. Thanks to her small size and obedience, she was able to run through pipes and string communication wires under a former Japanese airstrip.
Mills Ch. Miss Wynsum
"Mills Ch. Miss Wynsum", an English import, she was the first of four Yorkshire Terriers who won the Toy Group at Westminster, in which she died in 1938.
1931 "Little Pickwick" First any variety Terrier at Navan Dog Show Co. Meath
Yorkshire Terriers are born black and tan and the variation of coat colors that are the Standard are: Black and Tan, Blue and Tan, Black and Gold and Blue and Gold.
As far back as 1976 it was documented in a book published by, Janet E. Bennet and Joan B. Gordon that Yorkshire Terrier's can be born: all black, all tan, tan with black points, tri-colored; black-white-tan, all blue, bluish grey with tan points, all white and so remain or change to another shade of their newly born colors.
Today, there are coat colors that are non-standard and they are: Liver (chocolate), Solid Tan (Gold), so dark they appear Black, a shade of Blue and Silver and other color variations of the Yorkshire Terrier, the Parti, Biewer, BIRO, Golddust and the Ocean Pearl that will be discussed on the following pages.
Yorkshire Terrier Weight Chart
Find your puppy's age on the left and locate their current weight and follow it down to find the estimated adult dog's weight. *Remember 1-lb=16-0zs*. Please keep in mind that this is only an estimate and not a guarantee. If you would like to calculate your puppy's weight, you can visit: www.puppyweights.com. Period of most rapid growth in puppies is:
Tiny breeds- Birth to 11 weeks.
Small to medium breeds- Birth to 16 weeks.
Large to giant breeds- Birth to 5 months.
The Yorkshire Terrier Official Breed Standard is:
General Appearance: a toy breed with long-coated hair hanging straight and evenly down each side, parted from head to end of tail.
Head: small and flat, not too prominent or round, rich golden tan and should not extend down on back of neck.
Muzzle: black nose, not too long, with scissor bite.
Eyes: medium in size, dark in color, sparkling with intelligent expression.
Ears: small, V-shaped, carried erect and set not too far apart.
Neck: chest bright rich tan, may have small white patch.
Body: well proportioned, very compact, back is level with shoulder and rump.
Tail: docked to a medium length and carried slightly higher than level of back.
Legs: straight, round paws with black toe nails, dew claws may be removed.
Coat: glossy, fine and silky in texture, long and straight.
Color: born black and tan until matured then blue-a dark steel blue, not silver, all tan hair is darker at the roots and should have no black hair intermingled with the tan.
Height: 8-9 inches and the shoulder
Weight: 1.8 kgs (4 lbs) up to 32 kgs (7 lbs)
Faults: any solid color or colors other than blue and tan, any white markings other than small patch on chest.
The American Kennel Club, AKC and other registries do recognize non-standard colors as the Standard Yorkshire Terrier but will register them, they are allowed to participate in all sanctions except for conformation showings.
*The term "Tiny Toy" and "Toy" no matter what the breed, are not what some breeders or persons without knowledge claim to be just "runts". This couldn't be further from the truth. The term "runt" has been coined for what some consider the tiniest pup in a litter. In fact when a litter of puppies are born and there is a smaller pup or pups in that litter, it is generally due to the time of conception.
This is because not all the eggs in the female dog were fertilized at the same time, but all the fertilized eggs will develop into puppies and will be delivered at the same-time. So, when a dam has a litter of puppies and one is considered the "runt" that puppy was the last to be developed and won't necessarily remain the smallest of the litter after birth.
Now, when you have a litter of pups and one pup or more remain small after birth that is because of genetics at play. Either one or more of their distant relatives were small. Smaller dogs have been recurring in all breeds of dogs since each breed was established and as time goes on some breeds may have litters with more smaller litter mates.
There are some instances when a smaller dog which someone may call a "runt" is actually a smaller pup that is born undernourished and sickly, this is generally the case when coming from an unhealthy dam and/or both dam & sire.
Below is a list of health disorders more commonly associated with this breed:
Distichiasis This is a painful eye disorder where too many eyelashes grow around a dog's eyelid which typically sees two hairs growing out of the same follicle. If left untreated, the dog's cornea becomes ulcerated which could end up causing permanent damage to their vision. Early treatment is a must to prevent any damage being done.
Legge-Calve-Perthes Syndrome Legg-Perthes disease affects the hip joint and is caused by an inadequate amount of blood reaching it. This results in the dog's femur bone weakening and the end result is that it collapses due to the cartilage around the joint becoming malformed or cracked. Clinical signs of a problem are quite obvious and includes the following;
Pain and Discomfort
Vets typically take X-rays to establish whether a dog is suffering from the condition before recommending the right sort of treatment or therapy.
Luxating Patella This is a condition that affects a dog's kneecaps where they become dislocated or slightly out of position. Although it is an hereditary condition that Biewer Yorkshire Terriers often suffer from, trauma and injury can also cause Luxating Patella. If the condition is very severe, a vet would recommend surgery to correct the problem.
Liver Shunt Technically called -Portosystemic shunt (PSS)- are not that common in dogs, but if your dog develops liver disease, you may find yourself in need of information. It is a passage "that allows the flow of materials between two structures that are not usually connected". Specifically, in an abnormal blood vessel (or vessels) that connects the portal system is called a portosystemic shunt, thereby bypassing the liver. Liver Shunts can be divided into two categories:
Congenital Shunts: are most common and dogs are quite young when they start experiencing symptoms.
Acquired Shunts: typically develop when blood pressure within the veins connecting the digestive tract to the liver becomes elevated. Most often because of diseases that cause liver scarring (cirrhosis). These dogs tend to experience symptoms when they are older..
Liver Shunt Symptoms: poor growth, poor appetite and/or eating unusual things, weight loss, increased thirst and urination, difficulty urinating or blood in the urine, vomiting, diarrhea, behavioral changes: mental dullness, staring vacantly, poor vision, unsteadiness, circling and head pressing (a behavior exhibited by animals experiencing neural damage or under the influence of certain toxins. An affected animal will often stand in a corner or near a wall with its head hung low, or physically press the head against objects).
In severe cases, blood flow totally bypasses the liver allowing it to flow through the entire body which results in the unfiltered blood poisoning vital organs, namely the heart, lungs and brains. If you suspect your pet may be suffering from the condition, you should get them to the vet so a correct diagnosis can be made followed by the right treatment as soon as possible. These symptoms are obviously not unique to liver shunts and a veterinarian will start the diagnostic process. There are no genetic tests to detect animals that may carry PSS.
Hypoglycemia Hypoglycemia is a health issue that affects many toy breeds including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust. Puppies up to the age of 3 months old are more usually affected by the condition which is why it's important to watch out for any symptoms during the first few months of their lives. However, older dogs too can develop hypoglycemia, although this is quite rare which is lucky because there are certain complications that can make the condition much harder to treat when dogs develop hypoglycemia later on in their lives. The very young and smaller breed tend to suffer from the condition if they are not fed at regular intervals throughout the day.
Malocclusions Just like quite a few other smaller terriers, the breed tend to retain their milk teeth which can lead to malocclusions. This is when their adult teeth cannot break through correctly which results in teeth not sitting properly in a dog's mouth.
Reverse Sneezing Reverse sneezing is a condition that affects all types of dogs, but more commonly smaller dogs such as miniatures, Terriers, and brachycephalic breeds. It is a "paroxysmal" respiratory response, meaning that it comes in spasm-like episodes. It is suspected to be caused by irritation or inflammation of the nasal, pharyngeal, or sinus passages. It may be a way for the dog to attempt to remove foreign particles such as dust, powder or other irritants from its upper airways. It is also seen after periods of over-excitement. It can be alarming to an owner, but is not known to be harmful to dogs without any underlying conditions (such as heart disease), and most dogs are completely normal before and after a reverse sneezing episode. In dogs that exhibit reverse sneezing, it is not uncommon for them to have repeat episodes of reverse sneezing throughout their lives.
Conclusion Not all Yorkshire Terriers including the Biro, Biewer, Ocean Pearl and Golddust may develop any of the health issues listed above during the course of their lives. The other thing to bear in mind, is that no matter how well bred a dog might be, bad genes are able to skip several generations so it's always worth knowing about them.
Bad Foods for Yorkies
The following is a list of foods to avoid giving to your Yorkie: onions, chocolate, grapes, raisins, most fruit with pits and seeds, macadamia nuts, bones from meats (chicken & fish), potato peelings, green potatoes, rhubarb, broccoli, tomatoes, pork, yeast dough, coffee including coffee grounds, tea, alcohol in any form (including hops-used in making beer), moldy-spoiled foods, persimmons, raw eggs & fish, salt, baking soda, baking powder, mushrooms, xylitol-sugar substitutes, nutmeg, avocado, fatty foods, dairy products, figs and orange & lemon seeds (including the peels, stems and leaves).
Dangerous for Yorkies
Cocoa Mulch- this is very toxic, many people use this in their gardens. It comes in a variety of brands. Don't let your yorkie loose in yards with this bedding in the yard!
Greenies/Mini- this is a dangerous hazard offered at pet stores and some grocery stores. They can make Yorkies sick and also cause intestinal blockage. Don't give this treat to tiny toy breeds.
Bully Sticks- another dangerous hazard that can cause choking and kill your little loved one. Don't offer this treat to tiny breeds.
Rawhide- lastly this hazardous treat has the tendency to break off shreds that become lodged in their airways and kill them. They can also swallow large chunks that become blocked in their intestinal tract, that require surgery to remove. Don't offer these to tiny toy breeds.