All about the other variations of the Yorkshire Terrier....
Written by Anna
Colors of the Yorkshire Terrier Cousin
The four (4) color's of the distant cousin to the Yorkshire terrier as of today:
-Biewer- White, Blue and Gold or White, Black and Gold, (Germany Standard-1989) and (US Standard-2003)
-BIRO- Chocolate, White and Gold or Chocolate, White and Tan, (Germany Standard-2004)
-Golddust- Cream, White and Gold or Cream, White and Tan (Standard-2007)
-Ocean Pearl- Golden or Reddish brown w/black tips, (-Standard-2007)
*But prior to 1989 there were only traditional Yorkshire Terriers with breeders not mentioning that they had "tricolored or piebald" color puppy's being born in their litters.*
So, Just what is the difference of a Parti Yorkshire Terrier, a Biewer, a Biewer Terrier and a Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon? First, I'm going to mention that I have done some extensive research and found that the Parti-color also called piebald and tri-color have been in the Yorkshire Terriers genes as a "recessive gene" that can be traced back to the 1800's. Now, the difference of the two:
Here in the US, the piebald Biewer Terrier.
In Germany, the tri-colored Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon. aka Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
The Biewer is pronounced as "Bee-va" like "beaver" as we pronounce it. The Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon has been referred to as the Biewer, the Biewer Terrier, the Biewer breed and the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier.
Whatever you want to call them they are Yorkshire Terriers with a "variation in color due to a "genetic mutation." Germany is where these dogs originated and were established as "distinct separate breeds" in the late 1980's.
We like to call ours "Biewer Yorkshire Terriers" after the couple hailing out of Hunsruck, Germany responsible for their creation, Werner and Gertrude Biewer. Our Biewer's have their founder in the prefix name; BIRO, Biewer, Ocean Pearl etc.
History of the German Biewer Yorkshire Terrier is explained on Bentley's page.
On December 10, 1976 (8 years before Mr. Biewer's try-colored puppy) were two women named, Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet that had a "piebald" male puppy, named "Trippy" born in their Champion Kennel from their "Wildweir Line" Yorkshire Terriers. They decided to keep him and registered him with the American Kennel Club (AKC) as a Black and Tan Yorkshire Terrier because AKC had no piebald classification at that time. Trippy lived to be 12 years old. Joan claims that at the time Trippy was being born, she had heard of "try-colored" puppies being born in England and that the tri-colored pups were imported to Germany from English stock. This means that the shows that piebald and try-colored Yorkies were showing up in litters in the 1970's and earlier, and that Germany's Yorkshires came from English stock, where the Yorkshire originated from.
Sometime in the 80's on the opposite side of the United States were the Lipmans, Gloria, with Nikko's Kennel. They were doing the exact same thing as Mr. and Mrs. Biewer. Nikko's Kennel purchased a couple of female Yorkshire Terrier's from Streamglen Kennels, one being "Streamglen Milady" and they also purchased their Champion Sire, "Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot" from Stoneybrook Kennel in 1971. They bred Ch Quarnhill Fusspot to Streamglen Milady and began producing champion Yorkshire Terriers. They continued to line and in-breed and in the 1980's "tri-colored" (Parti's what they are called here in the US) started showing up in Nikko's Kennel as well. Gloria couldn't bear to put the pups down, so she passed them out the back door as pets and told customers not to say where they got them from.
This is when the Parti Yorkshire Terrier was acknowledged: Here in the US, Summit and Crownbridge were all getting tri-colored dogs registered with AKC, as they we're born from (2) two AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers as: black, white and tan. So, sometime in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testings, AKC accepted the piebald dogs and the name "Parti Yorkshire Terrier" has stuck with AKC's Yorkshire Terriers for the last several years. During this time each country (USA and Germany) and their registries have went their own way in-color versions of what the standard for these dogs would be by separating them into different breeds, the Parti and the Biewer here in the U.S. and the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier in Germany.
This is when the Biewer was introduced to North America: In 2003, the Biewer Yorkshire a la' Pom-Pon had revitalized by a breeder by the name of Donna Hall, a active canine fancier since 1975 with contributions and commitment to the Canine Rare Breed Community. She participated abroad in many international dog shows and it was while showing in a European Exhibition that she was first introduced to the what she called a "tiny animated little breed" we know today as "The Biewer Terrier".
Donna was intrigued with the "tri-colored" little dogs and made arrangements to visit a kennel in Germany. She met a breeder and placed a reserve on a future breeding and when she returned to America she founded the American Biewer Club (ABC), the first American Club sometimes known as, Biewer Club of America. There were no stud books for this breed in America, so Donna became the founder of the first stud book on the breed. She began contacting several American Rare Breed Clubs requesting the consideration for what she called, "The Biewer" breed, to be exhibited in conformation events. She was successful in gaining recognition for the Biewer and in 2003 the breed was shown with the International All Breed Canine Association (IABCA) as well as the North American Rarities. .The first (2) two Biewers to enter the show ring in the US were a male called "Decoration" and a female called "Delux" both were Imported at the same-time from Germany. Decoration was the first German Biewer to receive his Championship and the first of his breed to win "Best in Show".
Another female Biewer named "Elisa von El Cassius Dio" held the prestigious title for "Top Female Biewer Dog" from 2006-2007 with the North American Kennel Club (NAKC). Elisa or better known as "Lilli" went on to attend the (BYTNC) Specialty where in 2007 she finished her fabulous season winning the "Best in Specialty Show". On November 28, 2008 Elisa had the honor of showing in a AKC Misc. Group at the Motor City Specialty Sanction Match in east Lansing, Michigan where she won "Best of Breed" and went on to win 1st group in the Misc. Rare Breed. Elisa von El Cassius Dio is proudly owned by Theresa Perry member of the Biewer Breed International Registry (BBIR) here in the US.
Now, it has been recorded and documented in regarding the genetic diversity of the "Biewer Terrier" that the (3) three-Biewer's: the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, the Biewer Terrier and the Biewer breed can be said with certainty that these three varieties of the Biewer all posses the same genomic and DLA markers and have all descended from the same small group of founders. This means "ALL" dogs being called "Biewer" with whatever the acronym on the ending is, are in "Fact" Biewer Yorkshire Terriers!
February 2007 the Mars Veterinary was contacted for assistance in determining the genetic make-up for the Biewer. The Biewer Terrier Club of America (BTCA) submitted some 100 or more blood samples and it was determined that the Biewer was a new and distinct breed by way of a genetic mutation and called a “Biewer Terrier.”
*There is a YouTube (click on img) img_1816.mov video, where Mrs. Biewer was interviewed in 2009 by Gayle Pruett and in this video, Mrs. Biewer states her Biewer dogs were to be called "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."* (This is important because, the name of this dog now considered the Biewer Terrier was always called "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier" until Mr. and Mrs. Biewer's unfortunate death). April 20, 2009, the BTCA went to RKF of Russia where they officially recognized the Biewer Terrier as a breed of its own.
This is when the Biewer Terrier was acknowledged as an American Breed: As of April 21, 2014 from the American Kennel Club (AKC) minute’s board meeting, two new breeds were added to the AKC Foundation Stock Service Program and one of those breeds was the Biewer Terrier.
Registries that acknowledge the Biewer: ARBA, CBKC, KUSA, BKC, UKC, CKC, IBC, BBIR, NKC, BTRA & BBIR and there will be others as time goes on.
Just to re-cap: There are now Yorkshire terriers separated by genetic mutations and considered now to be separate breeds w/their own standards to include the Biewer, the BIRO, the Golddust, with the most recent, the Ocean Pearl and explained on Summer, Rhubee and Bentley's pages.
Pics of Mr. and Mrs. Biewer and their Biewers'....