All about the so-called Parti, the Biro, the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon and Other Variations of the Yorkshire.
Written by Anna
Colors of the Yorkshire Terrier Cousin
The four (4) color's of the distant cousin to the Yorkshire terrier as of today:
-Biewer- White, Blue and Gold or White, Black and Gold, (Germany Standard-1989) and (US Standard-2003)
-Biro- White, Chocolate and Gold, (-Standard-2004)
-Golddust- White, Cream and Gold, (-Standard-2007)
-Ocean Pearl- Golden or Reddish brown w/black tips, (-Standard-2007)
*But prior to 1989 there were only Traditional Yorkshire Terriers with breeders not mentioning that they had "tricolored or piebald" color puppy's being born in their litters.*
So, Just what is a Biewer or Parti Yorkshire Terrier? First, I'm going to mention that I have done some extensive research and found that the Parti-color also called Pie-bald and Tri-color has been in the Yorkshire Terriers genes as a recessive gene that can be traced back to the 1800's. Now, the difference of the two, (here in the US-tricolored and in Germany-piebald) dogs, The Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon and The Parti Yorkshire Terrier is that both of these lines of dogs, the Biewer Line and Donna Hills Biewer's along with the Nikko's Line (most recognized in the US) not all tricolored Yorkies came from Nikkos Line trace back to the same dog, "Streamglen Shaun", from Streamglen Kennels out of Germany.
At the time Streamglen Kennel was producing Champion status Yorkshire Terriers and selling them across the world including here in the United States, it was in Germany the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier was started by a couple named Werner and Gertrude Biewer. *This is very important to know* because the Biewer's Line originated in Germany and Donna Hill's and Nikko's Line originated in the United States, with them originating around the same time.
The Biewer pronounced as "Bee-veir" like "Beaver" as we pronounce it, with some pronounce it as "Bee-vare" like beware with some degree in variations in the pronunciation. The Biewer has been referred to as Biewer Yorkie Terrier, Biewer Terrier, Biewer and Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon. Whatever you want to call them they are Yorkshire Terriers with a "variation in color"! We like to call ours "Biewer YorkshireTerriers" just as they were originally named by Werner and Gertrude Biewer, the couple hailing out of Germany responsible for creating the variation of this Yorkshire Terrier in the 1980's before they added the "a la' Pom Pon" at the ending of the name. *There is a YouTube video, where Mrs. Biewer was interviewed in 2009 and in this video, by Gayle Pruett, Mrs. Biewer states her Biewer dogs were to be called "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier."* (This is important because, the name of this dog now considered its own breed was always called "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier" until Mr. and Mrs. Biewer's unfortunate death).
This is when the Biewer started: In 1975, Germany, Mr. Biewer purchased a Champion Yorkshire Terrier stud dog from Streamglen Kennels, "Streamglen Richard". Mr. Biewer started breeding "Ch Streamglen Richard" to all his female Yorkshire Terriers trying to make his own mark by producing Champion status Yorkshire Terrier's that would come from his kennel. It was in his quest for champions, that he did "a-lot" of line and inbreedings. After raising and showing Yorkshire Terriers for 20 years in Hunruck, Germany on January 20, 1984, their Blue and Tan FCI world Champion Yorkshire Terriers, "Darling von Friedheck" and "Fru-Fru von Friedheck" whelped a litter of puppies. In this litter of puppies was a "pie-bald" (black, white and gold) female puppy they named, "Schneeflocken von Friedheck" nicknamed (Snowflake).
Through selective breeding over the next several years, the couple continued to produce the signature head piece with all three colors, black, white and gold with good symmetry. Their belly, chest, legs and tip of the tail were all characteristically white and the hair was straight and silky not curly. In the beginning when they first discovered these piebald puppies in their previous litters, they would dock the tails just as they did with their Yorkshire Terriers up until May of 1998 when Germany passed a law that the "docking of tails" became prohibited and from then on Biewer's kept their natural tails. The Biewers also found that as these piebald puppies matured, the black color would sometimes be a dark blue color and not just black.
Mr. Biewer wanted to show his new found piebald puppies and first registered his puppy's with VDH/KFT (Verband fur das Deutsche Hundewesen) (Klub fur Terrier), but they designated them the "wrong color and not for breeding". So, Mr. Biewer went in search of a club that would accept them as a "variation" of the Yorkshire Terrier. While at a dinner party, the Biewers and a close friend of theirs, a German singer, Margot Eskens and her husband were celebrating Margot's birthday when Mr. Eskens presented a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier puppy on a silver platter as a birthday gift to his wife, Margot. In Margot's delight she shouted out: "a la Pom Pon" describing the puppy as looking like a "ball of colorful yarn" (translated into english). Mr. and Mrs. Biewer liked the description so much that Mr. Biewer added "a la' Pom Pon" to the end of Biewer Yorkshire Terrier and called them "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon". It was in 1989 when the "first" club, ACH.e.V (Allgermeiner Club der Hunderfreunde Deutschland.e.V) to accept Mr. Biewer's pie-bald Yorkies as a variation of the Yorkshire Terrier. Mr. and Mrs. Biewer drew up a "very limited standard" for their new little dogs and Mr. Biewer officially registered and signed them into standard as "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon" to be a coloring of "WeiB-Blau-Gold" translated to English as: "White, Blue and Gold".
In 1997 Mr. Biewer passed away, but his legacy lives on thru this exquisite breed. Sadly, after Werner's death, Gertrude kept just a few Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pons as pets and the Friedheck Kennel ceased to exist and by 2000 the Biewer had lost its popularity in Germany with the number of breeders had dwindled significantly. On May 23, 2003 a dog fancier, Dagmar Pryzstaw, opened the 1. Deutsche Biewer Club (IBYTC) and in September of 2004 opened another Biewer Club, the International Biewer Club (IBC). Then in North America, in 2003, when the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon had revitalized by a breeder by the name of Donna Hill, a active canine fancier since 1975 with contributions and commitment to the Canine Rare Breed Community. She participated abroad in many international dog shows and it was while showing in a European Exhibition that she was first introduced to the what she called a "tiny animated little breed" we know today as "The Biewer Terrier".
Donna was intrigued with the "tricolored" little dogs and made arrangements to visit a kennel in Germany. She met a breeder and placed a reserve on a future breeding and when she returned to America she founded the American Biewer Club (ABC), the First American Club sometimes known as, Biewer Club of America. There were no stud books for this breed in America, so Donna became the founder of the first stud book on the breed. She began contacting several American Rare Breed Clubs requesting the consideration for what she called, "The Biewer" breed, to be exhibited in conformation events. She was successful in gaining recognition for the Biewer and in 2003 the breed was shown with the International All Breed Canine Association (IABCA) as well as the North American Rarities. .The first (2) two Biewers to enter the show ring in the US were a male called "Decoration" and a female called "Delux" both were Imported at the same-time from Germany. Decoration was the first German Biewer to receive his Championship and the first of his breed to win "Best in Show".
Another female Biewer named "Elisa von El Cassius Dio" held the prestigious title for "Top Female Biewer Dog" from 2006-2007 with the North American Kennel Club (NAKC). Elisa or better known as "Lilli" went on to attend the (BYTNC) Specialty where in 2007 she finished her fabulous season winning the "Best in Specialty Show". On November 28, 2008 Elisa had the honor of showing in a AKC Misc. Group at the Motor City Specialty Sanction Match in east Lansing, Michigan where she won "Best of Breed" and went on to win 1st group in the Misc/Rare Breed. Elisa von El Cassius Dio is proudly owned by Theresa Perry member of the Biewer Breed International Registry (BBIR) here in the US. Today, this breed has continued to gain in popularity here in the United States and around the world. Sadly, on October 10, 2012 after a lengthy illness, Gertrude Biewer passed away and all that is left of Mr. and Mrs. Biewer is a beautiful legacy, the "Biewer Yorkshire Terrier a la' Pom Pon".
On the other side of the ocean in the United States on December 10, 1976 (8 years before Mr. Biewer's pie-bald puppy) was two women named, Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet that had a "Tri-colored" (Parti, called here in the US) male puppy, named "Trippy" born in their Champion Kennel from their "Wildweir Line" Yorkshire Terriers. They decided to keep him and registered him with the American Kennel Club (AKC) as a Black and Tan Yorkshire Terrier because AKC had no tricolor classification at that time. Trippy lived to be 12 years old. Joan claims that at the time Trippy was being born, she had heard of "Tri's" being born in England and that the tricolor was imported to Germany from English stock. (This shows that the Pie-bald Yorkies were showing up in litters in the 1970's and earlier, and that Germany's Yorkshires came from English stock, where the Yorkshire originated from)
Then in the 80's on the other side of the United States was Nikko's Kennels, The Lipmans, Gloria, were doing the exact same thing as the Biewers. Nikko's Kennel purchased a couple of female Yorkshire Terrier's from Streamglen Kennels, one being "Streamglen Milady". They also purchased their Champion Sire, "Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot" from Stoneybrook Kennels in 1971. They bred him to Streamglen Milady and began producing Champion Yorkshire Terriers and continued to line and inbreed also. In the 1980's "Tri-colored" (Parti's what they are called here in the US) started showing up in Nikkos Kennels litters of puppies too. Gloria couldn't bear to put the pups down, so she passed them out the back door as pets and told customers not to say where they got them from.
Here in the US, Summit and Crownbridge both got tri-colored dogs registered with AKC, as they we're born from (2) two-AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers as: Black, White and Tan. So, in 2000 after 18 months of Dna Testings, AKC accepted the Tri-colored dog as the "Tri-Colored Yorkshire Terrier" and the name "Parti Yorkshire Terrier" has stuck with Yorkshire Terriers for the last several years. During this time each country (USA and Germany) and their Registries went its own way developing their own versions of what the standard for these dogs would be by separating them into different breeds, the Parti and the Biewer.
So, it has been now recorded that regarding the genetic diversity in the "Biewer" it has been documented that the (3) three-Biewer's: the Biewer Yorkshire Terrier, the Biewer Terrier and the Biewer can be said with certainty that these three varieties of the Biewer all posses the same genomic and DLA markers and have all descended from the same small group of founders. This means "ALL" the dogs being called "Biewer" with whatever the acronym on the ending is, are in "Fact" all Biewer Yorkshire Terriers! As you have read it can be quite confusing as to which Biewer here in the US started but one "Fact" is that all Biewers originated in Germany and the First Biewer introduced to US soil was "Decoration" owned by Donna Hall, founder of the American Biewer Club in 2003.
It has been said by some of the American Biewer Clubs that Mr. Biewer never bred back to the Traditional Yorkie, which is a Myth. Mr. Biewer bred Darling to several of his Pie-bald colored females. *Note* Mr. Biewer named all his pie-bald puppies with the prefix "Schnee" meaning Snow except for Grand Pom Pon, from my research and that his traditional Yorkies were registered with VDH/KFT and his Pie-bald puppies were registered with ACH. He bred Darling to Grand Pom Pon to get Schneerose and he bred Darling to Schneeflokchen to get Scheewitten and as late as 1992 when he bred Schneewirbel von Friedheck to Janny von Friedheck to produce Schnee-Monsieur von Friedheck, just to name a few. Furthermore, Germany feels they don't have enough lines of the Biewer breed to breed only Biewer to Biewer, they breed back to the Yorkshire Terrier so if the Germans, where this Biewer originated from feel they don't have enough lines then, How do American breeders feel they have enough lines?
Just to re-cap: "There are now Yorkshire Terriers separated by Color genes w/their own standards to include the Biewer, the Biro, the Golddust, with the most recent, the Ocean Pearl Yorkshire Terriers, explained on the next couple pages.
Pics of Mr. and Mrs. Biewer and their Biewer's....